Grub Castle (Köflach)

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Grub Castle after Georg Matthäus Vischer 1681 in Topographia Ducatus Stiriae

Grub Castle , also known as Grueb or Grubhof , was a castle in today's municipality of Köflach in the Voitsberg district in Styria . Its history can be traced back to the 13th century. During its existence, the castle was owned by several noble families before it was demolished after 1800. On the site of the former castle there is now a residential building, the so-called soldiers' house , for the team of the Piber Federal Stud .


According to Robert Baravalle, the castle was located south of the village of Piber , on the low rise of a ridge that runs between the valleys of the Gradnerbach and the Gailbach . According to the Josephinische Landesaufnahme from 1787 and the GIS-Styria , it was located on the northeast slope of the Krugkogel , roughly at the location of the modern house with the address Am Grubkogel No. 1. This modern house is also called the soldiers ' house and belongs to the neighboring horse stable Federal Stud Piber.


The land on which the later castle was built originally belonged to St. Lambrecht Abbey . Probably in the 13th century, the Freising built a defense structure here as the administrative seat with the monastery as feudal lords, which they moved to a side line of the Hollenegger in the 14th century . In 1227 a vineolam is first mentioned in Gruobe . It is known that Hans von Hollenegg sat on this property in 1373. The Freising bought the residence back at the beginning of the 15th century and sold it to Thomas Gossman von Weitra, the pastor of Passau , who donated Grub to the St. Lambrecht monastery. In 1437 the monastery enfeoffed the Holleneggers with the property.

Andree von Hollenegg established a foundation in the middle of the 15th century to maintain a chaplain for the property's chapel. At that time, the fortifications of Grub must have been expanded and a ditch built, since the estate is known as a fortress. Reinprecht von Hollenegg finally sold the festival to Sigaun von Saurau in 1482 , from whom it passed to his son Jörg in 1492. After Jörg von Saurau died in 1508, there were inheritance disputes, which were only decided in 1518 in favor of Wolf von Saurau. Grub came from Wolf to Elena von Saurau in 1538, who was married to Siegmund von Herberstein . At that time, the property also included a manor , two small ponds and a vineyard in addition to the actual residence . After Elena's death, Grub went to Wolf von Saurau, who also received a sum of money from his cousin Franz as compensation for the property, as Grub was less comfortable than the Ligist Castle he had inherited from Franz . In 1593, Wolf's cousin Georg von Saurau also lived in the castle. Since both were Protestants , the castle chapel was also profaned at that time .

At an unknown point in time between 1587 and 1595, the castle burned out due to a fire. Lorenz and Christoph Weser bought the burned-out building along with the small amount of land on October 23, 1602, but sold it to St. Lambrecht Abbey in 1610. However, since the exact ownership structure was unclear, the purchase could not be completed until 1618 or 1619. The monastery had the castle rebuilt from 1638, but the free-standing castle chapel was already in disrepair in 1648. In the second half of the 17th century, St. Lambrecht gave the castle to Johann Brenner as a fief and subsequently to Ursula von Thannhausen. Towards the end of the 17th century, the monastery had the castle administered from Piber Castle . Columban, the pastor of Piber, had the palace chapel renovated in 1737. In 1800 the property was declared dilapidated and soon afterwards the castle and chapel were demolished.

At the location of the old castle, a residential building for the team of the Piber Federal Stud was later built with the so-called soldiers' house .


Georg Matthäus Vischer presented the castle in his work Topographia Ducatus Stiriae , published in 1681, as a two-part, two-storey building with a hipped roof and battlements . In front of the castle was the Meierhof with the stables. The original fortifications no longer existed at that time. The free-standing castle chapel , consecrated to St. Bartholomew , was presumably on the site of the demolished gate. Until the second half of the 17th century, pilgrimages from Piber and Köflach to this chapel took place on Easter Tuesday .

In the valley floor you can still see the remains of a dam that belonged to one of the castle's fish ponds.


  • Robert Baravalle: Castles and palaces of Styria . Leykam Buchverlagsgesellschaft mbH, Graz 1961, ISBN 3-7011-7323-0 , p. 546-547 .

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d Robert Baravalle: Castles and palaces of Styria . Leykam Buchverlagsgesellschaft mbH, Graz 1961, ISBN 3-7011-7323-0 , p. 546 .
  2. a b c d e f g h Walter Brunner (Ed.): History and topography of the Voitsberg district . tape 2 . Steiermärkisches Landesarchiv, Graz 2011, p. 83 .
  3. a b c d e f Robert Baravalle: Castles and palaces of Styria . Leykam Buchverlagsgesellschaft mbH, Graz 1961, ISBN 3-7011-7323-0 , p. 547 .

Coordinates: 47 ° 4 ′ 9.6 ″  N , 15 ° 6 ′ 10.1 ″  E