Schneider Trophy

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The Schneider Trophy at the Science Museum in London, 2004

The Schneider Trophy - official name "Coupe d'Aviation Maritime Jacques Schneider" , also called Schneider Cup (Schneider Cup) - was a race for seaplanes . It was started in 1911 by the Frenchman Jacques Schneider , a balloonist and airplane enthusiast.

Originally intended to promote technical development in the field of civil aviation, the Cup quickly developed into a competition in which machines exclusively developed for racing purposes took part.

Sometimes the events, which took place on a triangular course of initially 280 km, later 350 km, were watched by over 200,000 spectators.

The rules of the Schneider Cup stipulated that an air sports club that could win three races within five years could keep the cup; the pilot received prize money of 75,000 French francs .

Each race was held in the country from which the previous year's winner came from. Together with last year's winner country, the host was the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale .

The participating clubs were allowed to provide up to three pilots with the same number of substitute starters.

Chronicle of the races

Winner of the 1914 Trophy
year place Winning aircraft nationality pilot Average speed
1913 Monaco Deperdussin monocoque France Maurice Prevost 73.56 km / h
1914 Monaco Sopwith tabloid Great Britain Howard Pixton 139.74 km / h
1920 Venice , Italy Savoia p.12 Italy Luigi Bologna 170.54 km / h
1921 Venice, Italy Macchi M.7bis Italy Giovanni de Briganti 189.66 km / h
1922 Naples , Italy Supermarine Sea Lion II Great Britain Henri Biard 234.51 km / h
1923 Cowes , UK Curtiss CR-3 United States David Rittenhouse 285.29 km / h
1925 Baltimore , USA Curtiss R3C-2 United States James Doolittle 374.28 km / h
1926 Hampton Roads , USA Macchi M.39 Italy Mario de Bernardi 396.69 km / h
1927 Venice, Italy Supermarine page 5 Great Britain Sidney Webster 453.28 km / h
1929 Calshot Spit, UK Supermarine p.6 Great Britain Richard Waghorn 528.89 km / h
1931 Calshot Spit, UK Supermarine p.6B Great Britain John Boothman 547.31 km / h

Training accidents

In contrast to the competitions, in which there were no serious accidents, ten pilots were killed during the preparations from 1923 to 1931.

Web links

Commons : Schneider Trophy  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ The Schneider Trophy. Pierre Pécastaingts, May 13, 1996, accessed October 25, 2018 .