Solomon Marcus Schiller-Szinessy

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Schiller-Szinessy, 1888 in Cambridge

Solomon Marcus Schiller-Szinessy (born December 23, 1820 in Budapest , Hungary , † March 11, 1890 in Cambridge , Great Britain ) was a Hungarian-British rabbi and scholar . He was the first Jewish professor at Cambridge University , where he taught Talmud and rabbinical literature until his death .

Live and act

He obtained his doctorate in philosophy and mathematics at the University of Jena in 1845 and was subsequently ordained a rabbi. He next followed the call of assistant professorship at the Lutheran University in Eperies , Hungary.

During the great upheaval of 1848, he supported the revolutionaries in the war between Hungary and Austria, and he was the one who carried out General Torök's order to blow up the Szeged Bridge. With this stroke the advance of the Austrian army was stopped. He was taken prisoner wounded and managed to escape the night before his execution. He fled to Trieste in order to cross over by ship to Great Britain and landed in Cork , from where he continued to Dublin . He preached on site at an invitation from the local Jewish community. He then continued on his way to London to be elected rabbi of the United Jewish Community in Manchester.

After Schiller-Szinessy had been offered the rabbinical office of the newly reformed community on the recommendation of Tobias Theodores, he accepted this and settled down. During this time he also met the London-born Georgiana Eleanor Herbert (1831-1901), who converted to Judaism for him and took the name Sarah.

Several children emerged from this marriage: his eldest son Alfred Solomon Schiller-Szinessy (* 1863), who followed in his footsteps as a linguist, Theresa Antonia (1864–1865), Eleanor Amalia (1867–1922), Henrietta Georgiana (1869– 1939) and Sidney Herbert (1876–1964).

From the office of rabbi in Manchester, Solomon Marcus Schiller-Szinessy resigned in 1863 and accepted a chair at Cambridge , while at the same time taking on the task of examining the Hebrew manuscripts in the Cambridge University Library. The fruit of this work was his work "The Catalogs of the Hebrew Manuscripts" (1876), which is kept in Cambridge University Library to this day .

In 1866 he became a lecturer in Talmud and rabbinic literature.

In 1878 he was awarded a master's degree from Cambridge University in recognition of his services.

Among the contributions that Schiller-Szinessy made to literature, the edition of David Kimhi's Commentaries on the Psalms , Book I, and “Massa ba 'Arab”, Romanelli's travels in Morocco at the end of the 18th century, stand out.

Salomon Marcus Schiller-Szinessy was buried in Ipswich , Suffolk, and his grave still exists today.


  • R. Loewe:  Schiller-Szinessy Salomon Marcus. In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 10, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1994, ISBN 3-7001-2186-5 , p. 136 f. (Direct links on p. 136 , p. 137 ).
  • Hebrew Manuscripts at Cambridge University Library: A Description and Introduction University of Cambridge Oriental Publications, Cambridge University Press (January 9, 1997), Language: English, ISBN 0-521-58339-X
  • Raphael J. Loewe: Solomon Marcus Schiller-Szinessy 1820-1890 "First Reader in Talmudic and Rabbinic Literature at Cambridge", The Jewish Historical Society of England, Transactions - SESSIONS 1962-1967 Volume XXI

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