Street view of the Stadtbad, to the
|builder||Paul Bratring and Otto Peters|
|Conversions and extensions in the 1920s and 1980s|
The Volksbad , with its narrow eastern side at Krumme (n) Straße 9/10, forms a solid structural unit with the new swimming pool added in 1974. The long northern facade adjoins the park by the swimming pool . The visitor entrance is in the courtyard.
During its construction and the opening of the public swimming pool, the street belonged to the Charlottenburg district 13a in the area of responsibility of the district and school director H. Rossin.
A barefoot area runs around the swimming pool, from which individual changing rooms were accessible. Visitors wearing street clothes were accessed from the rear of the cabins via a boot walkway . The cabins were removed during the renovation work in the 1980s.
In the beginning there was the cash desk area in a vestibule, where the guests could buy tickets as well as small bars of soap.
Large round windows in the form of portholes are incorporated on the ground floor of the Stadtbad , the other windows are arched , some are also rectangular. Glazed bricks, clay reliefs and ironwork form the decoration of the house. The topic refers to the use.
The main portal is a brick arch with a wrought iron grille in between. The external dimensions (for both swimming pools together) are around 83 meters by 44 meters.
The decorative elements on the facade of the old hall show ornaments that are derived from plant shapes (herbs, reeds, foliage, tendrils, twigs, some with the proper names of the plants), as well as some overdrawn aquatic animals (fish as mythical animals).
Inside, the five-part wall painting on one gable side is striking, presenting bathing scenes based on ancient models. Inside, too, some decorative elements from the facade return.
The open metal construction as a monopitch roof is covered over a large area with glass and lets a lot of daylight into the hall.
With the rapid increase in the number of residents in Berlin and the neighboring communities and cities, it was urgently necessary to offer the new residents cleaning and exercise opportunities. Most of the apartments had neither showers nor their own bathtubs. The respective municipal administrations had renowned architects plan and build public bathing establishments with swimming pools in their locations on municipal building land .
After three years of construction, carried out by the Berlin company Cementbaugeschäft O. Schmidt and Co. , the first such facility was opened in the city of Charlottenburg . An even earlier public bathing establishment was built in Moabit near Berlin , but it was dismantled in 1985. The former head of the municipal office, Mr. Schilling, was the first administrator of the Charlottenburg bathing and swimming facility. This was followed by a major a. D. as administrator.
The original swimming pool was soon expanded step by step and its use continuously adapted. In 1924/25 it was given an additional civil servants' residence, designed by Rudolf Walter . In the 1920s, there were also small rooms with large enamelled bathtubs . For hygienic reasons, a chlorination plant was installed in 1923 .
After several years of intensive use and damage from shell fire shortly before the end of the Second World War , the municipal swimming pool was reopened in 1946.
A big change took place in the early 1970s, because by 1974 the new Stadtbad Charlottenburg was built, which directly adjoins the historic building (Krumme Straße 9). It has a 50 meter long swimming pool. A possible demolition of the old hall was now discussed, but this was not carried out. The Charlottenburg administration, however, decided to thoroughly renovate and modernize the first hall, which took place from 1974 to 1976. It was placed under monument protection in 1982.
Between 1985 and 1987, the building was extensively changed, especially on the outside: it was given back its partially plastered facade with exposed brick surfaces, the entrance hall and the stairwells were also given a listed appearance.
A memorial plaque for the Charlottenburg old town path refers to the building history of the Stadtbad and shows two historical photos (see picture).
The swimming pool was initially used by all visitors. However, the communal operators alternately regulated the use either by women or by men on different days, as was the propriety until the 1920s. The persons employed in the facilities were initially according to the sex of visitors in bathing women and bathing men or lifeguard distinguished and served the bathers on the assignment.
The municipality lifted the gender segregation in 1933, since then there have been family bathing days.
The old and the new hall are also used in the 21st century for all those interested in their leisure activities. The bathtubs could, however, be dispensed with due to increasing living comfort. The spaces freed up in the Stadtbad are used for gymnastics, physiotherapy or other small services.
- Homepage of the old hall of the Stadtbad Charlottenburg with a section on the history.
- Stadtbad Charlottenburg, New Hall
- The old hall of the Stadtbad Charlottenburg
- Georg Dehio : Handbook of German Art Monuments. Berlin. Deutscher Kunstverlag, third edition, 2006, p. 224.
- Charlottenburg> Administration> Head of the Building Department> Volksbadeanstalt Charlottenburg . In: Address book for Berlin and its suburbs , 1900, V, p. 17.
- swimming pool homepage.
- Brief information on www.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de , with a small series of photos; accessed on August 21, 2021.
- Charlottenburg> Streets . In: Berliner Adreßbuch , 1905, I (Administrator (V) Volksbadeanstalt Charlottenburg, Krummestr. (!) 4: Major ret. H. von Hayn).
- Authorities> Bathing establishments, public and private> Städtische Badeanstalt Charlottenburg . In: Berliner Adreßbuch , 1946, p. 29 (Krumme Strasse 10).