The Stadtbad Neukölln was designed by the Rixdorf town planner Reinhold Kiehl and the architect Heinrich Best, built between 1912 and 1914 and opened on May 10, 1914. It is located at Ganghoferstraße 3–5 in the Berlin district of Neukölln .
The construction of today's public baths was preceded by a public bathing establishment in what was then Canner Chaussee (now Neuköllniche Allee), which offered its services in Rixdorf at the end of the 19th century.
In the neoclassical building, the public library was housed in addition to the public baths . Both were connected by an atrium , because Kiehl's concept was to combine physical exercise, personal hygiene and spiritual edification. In the middle of the atrium was the small fountain ( putti with dolphins) designed by the sculptor Richard Guhr , which was stolen by strangers during the restoration work in the 1980s.
Kiehl and Best based their design of the bath on ancient thermal baths . The floor plan is based on the design of Greek temples and basilicas and is equipped with columns, walkways, sculptures and mosaics by the Puhl & Wagner company . At the time of its construction, the bath was one of the largest and most modern baths in Europe and designed for up to 10,000 visitors a day. Originally men and women bathed separately in the large and small swimming pool .
From 1961 to 2010 the Museum Neukölln was housed in the public library. In the 1980s, the bath was reopened after six years of restoration and renovation . With an investment of around 25 million marks, large and small swimming pools were faithfully restored and the other areas were modernized. The bath was also placed under monument protection. In October 1998, after the renovation, the thermal baths were reopened in the historic premises.
In 2009, according to a plan by Veauthier Meyer Architects, the surfaces of the historic interiors were renovated in accordance with listed buildings and the building services were brought up to the latest technical and energetic standards. The bathroom is currently managed by the Berliner Bäder-Betriebe . The swimming pool and sauna area are operated separately from each other. The sauna area includes a Finnish sauna, a herbal sauna, a marble steam bath , a caldarium and a sanarium .
- Entry for the inner courtyard of the Stadtbad Neukölln in the state monument list
- neukoelln-online.de: Monuments
- Stadtbad Neukölln at the Berlin baths companies