As Technical Intelligence , the holistic approach of the initiators and carriers are referred to the technical developments from 1350 to 1600.
The term coined in 1978 by Günter Bayerl in the article Technical Intelligence in the Age of the Renaissance from the journal Technikgeschichte is directed against the one-sided awarding of so-called artist engineers in the tradition of Jacob Burckhardt, which is shaped by art and cultural history . In contrast to this older understanding, the concept of technical intelligence also takes into account the groups of handicrafts , early modern entrepreneurship and the mining sector .
In addition to the “intellectual giants of the Renaissance” ( Friedrich Engels ) such as Brunelleschi , Leon Battista Alberti , Bramante , Michelangelo , Filarete , Leonardo da Vinci , Vannoccio Biringuccio , Agostino Ramelli , Agricola , Jost Bürgi , Gutenberg and Galilei , there are also merchants and entrepreneurs like Sebastian Hoechstetter or Johann I. Thurzo as well as princely patrons such as Duke Julius of Braunschweig or Landgrave Wilhelm IV of Hessen-Kassel .
When significant parts of power or a government are represented by elites from technology and science, one often speaks of a technocracy .