The theory of terminology , also terminology science and terminology research , more imprecisely also called terminology , is the science of terms and their designations in the field of technical languages .
Object of knowledge of terminology teaching in particular, the formation of concepts and terminology systems , their representation by means of definitions and terms, and the technical phraseology . The terminology theory develops basic terminological terms and guidelines for terminology work and terminography (specialist lexicography ), i.e. for the systematic recording and management of terms .
Terminology plays an important role in the private sector , in public institutions as well as in education and science . It promotes efficiency and clarity in specialist communication . A correct use of terminology optimizes the corporate language , avoids comprehension problems, increases the readability, enables the optimal use of knowledge potential, leads to greater legal certainty and saves costs.
Conceptual content and scope
The terminology teaches, for example, the content and scope of the term. The term content is the totality of all characteristics of a term, the term scope is the "totality of the terms subordinate to a term on the same hierarchy level". The scope of the term vehicle, for example, consists of the sub-terms land vehicle , watercraft , aircraft and spacecraft . The term content of the aircraft comprising the features within the earth's atmosphere to fly or to drive ( ballooning ). This distinguishes the aircraft from the spacecraft that is traveling in space . The larger the term, the smaller the scope of the term.
- Reiner Arntz, Heribert Picht, Felix Mayer: Introduction to terminology work. Olms, Hildesheim 2002, ISBN 3-487-11553-0
- Helmut Felber, Gerhard Budin: Terminology in Theory and Practice (= Forum for Technical Language Research , Volume 9), Narr, Tübingen 1989, ISBN 3-87808-783-7 .
- Felix Mayer : Entry models for terminological databases. A contribution to translation-oriented terminography. Gunter Narr, Tübingen 1998, ISBN 3-8233-5350-0 , pp. 25-39.
- H. Suonuuti: Guide to Terminology. Helsinki 1997
- Eugen Wüster : Introduction to general terminology and terminological lexicography (= essays on language and literature , Volume 20), 3rd edition with a foreword by Richard Baum , Romanistischer Verlag, Bonn / Ergon, Würzburg 1991, ISBN 3-924888-48- 5 / ISBN 3-89913-401-X
- Rat für Deutschsprachige Terminologie (Ed.), Terminologisches Basiswissen für Fachhaben , 2013, p. 3
- DIN 2342 2011-08, terminology concepts
- Eva-Maria Baxmann-Krafft / Gottfried Herzog, Norms for Translators and Technical Authors , 1999, p. 112