The Kennel Club

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The Kennel Club
Kennel Club logo
purpose Umbrella organization of canine societies in the UK
Chair: Steve Dean
Establishment date: April 4, 1873
Seat : London

The Kennel Club ( KC ) is the governing body of British dog breeders' associations. It is the world's oldest such umbrella organization and the largest breed club in Great Britain. Its legal seat is in London . In addition to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the American Kennel Club (AKC), it is one of the three major umbrella organizations for pedigree dog breeding.


The association was founded on April 4, 1873 with the aim of creating a permanent facility for dog shows. The first general assembly took place in December 1874. Shortly afterwards, the Kennel Club published their first stud book, which contained pedigrees of over 4000 dogs. From 1880 onwards, only dogs that were registered with the Kennel Club were admitted to exhibitions. At that time, however, registration only meant the inclusion of the dog's name in order to avoid duplicate names - purebred was only of secondary importance.

Work and tasks

Through the Kennel Club, dog shows, which were initially very skeptical and rated as socially inferior, became popular and viewed. The Kennel Club maintains the first official registry for dog breeds . It was the first club to set up guidelines for purebred. The association divides dogs into the breeding lines listed below, which have been widely adopted as groups. The annual " Crufts " competition has been administered by the Kennel Club since 1948.

Due to the increasing interest in purebred dogs, the number of dogs registered at the Kennel Club increased rapidly. In the past years 280,000 dogs were registered annually - the database of the association now counts over 6 million dogs.

The breeding practices of the Kennel Club, in particular the insufficient consideration of health and functionality compared to the characteristics desired in the standard , were criticized in the 2008 film Pedigree Dogs Exposed . As a result, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) ended their collaboration with Crufts after 42 years.

Racial groups

The Kennel Club divides the dog breeds into seven groups, whereby a literal translation of the group names is hardly possible:

Gundog Group - dogs that are supposed to find game and / or retrieve dead or wounded animals. The group is divided into four subgroups: Retrievers , Spaniels , Setters and "Allrounders". The transitions between these subgroups are fluid, however, so that many races of one subgroup can do the same work as members of another subgroup.

Hound Group (English " Hound ": dog, bracke) - dogs that were originally used for hunting and have a variety of tasks to cope with. This includes both scenthounds , which hunt with the nose ( Beagle , Bloodhound ) and sighthounds , which hunt by sight ( Whippet , Greyhound ).

Pastoral Group (English "pastoral": rural, shepherd) - herding dogs, which are used for work with sheep, cattle, reindeer or other ungulates. These dogs have a waterproof coat, which protects them from the elements when working outdoors. Typical representatives are the collies , the bobtail or the Samoyed .

Terrier Group - dogs that hunt pests and vermin. The name " terrier " comes from "terra" (lat .: earth). These dogs are usually described as very brave and rough and have been selected to hunt foxes, badgers, rats or otters.

Toy Group - small dogs, including lap dogs. Many dogs in this group were bred as pure companion dogs without any work duties, but some only fall into this group because of their small size.

Utility Group (English "utility": usability) - a group with very different breeds of dogs, most of which were originally not bred for hunting or other tasks.

Working Group - dogs that have been selected to serve as guard, search or rescue dogs. They are specialists in their field and stand out because of their performance. These include B. the boxer , the Great Dane or the Saint Bernard .

See also


  • Juliette Cunliffe: Dogs. Breeds, care, history. Parragon Books, Bath 2003, ISBN 1-40548-472-1 .

Individual evidence

  1. a b Cunliffe: Dogs. Breeds, care, history. 2003, p. 156.
  2. a b Kennel Club - The history of the Kennels Club (as of March 14, 2008)
  3. ^ Cunliffe: Dogs. Breeds, care, history. 2003, p. 157.
  4. - Gundog Group (as of March 14, 2008)
  5. - Hound Group (as of March 14, 2008)
  6. - Pastoral Group (as of March 14, 2008)
  7. - Terrier Group (as of March 14, 2008)
  8. - Toy Group (as of March 14, 2008) ( Memento of the original from January 30, 2013 on WebCite ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  9. - Utility Group (as of March 14, 2008)
  10. - Working Group (as of March 14, 2008)

Web links