Theodor Hach

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Theodor Hach

Arnold Henrich Theodor Hach (born December 31, 1846 in Lübeck ; † November 17, 1910 there ) was a German lawyer and art historian. The focus of his work was on the processing of the art and cultural history of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck.


Hach was the youngest of three sons of the Lübeck Senator Hermann Wilhelm Hach and the grandson of the Higher Appeal Judge Johann Friedrich Hach . Theodor Hach's mother Johanna Ernestine (1811–1889) was the daughter of the court president Heise .

After visiting the Katharineum, Hach first studied philology and law in Göttingen from 1866. After an academic year at the University of Jena in 1867, he returned to Göttingen and received his doctorate in 1869. iur. He passed the state examination at the Lübeck Higher Appeal Court and then became a lawyer and notary in Lübeck. However, this activity did not correspond to his temperament and the concern with history topics, which the Hach family had cultivated for generations, became part of his life, so that he completely gave up legal work in the mid-1870s.

As an employee of Carl Julius Milde, Hach was instructed in the collections of the Society for the Promotion of Charitable Activities , which he organized as a conservator, and worked on the committees that were responsible for overseeing the society's cultural and historical collections. From 1876 to 1882 he continued his education in Bavaria at the German Museum in Munich and the Germanic National Museum in Nuremberg and developed into an expert in bell science ( camp analogy ). Hach returned to Lübeck in 1882 and was appointed curator of the collections of the non-profit society in 1887. In 1889 he also became an employee of the Lübeck State Archives and library assistant at the Lübeck City Library .

Due to his experience in Munich and Nuremberg, Hach played a key role in the concept of the Museum am Dom , which opened in 1893 , in which the excavation finds, art treasures and natural objects that were previously scattered in the society house of the non-profit organizations and in the upper choir of the Katharinenkirche were combined. This new museum building went back to a last will of the businessman Georg Blohm . Hach's justified demand for an independent museum for art and cultural history in the Hanseatic City of Lübeck was only met after his death with the opening of the Lübeck St. Anne's Monastery, which had been converted for this purpose, in 1915 under the successor Karl Schaefer . As the first full-time museum director in Lübeck, he was able to build on Hach's basic preparatory work.


Cathedral Museum from 1892 to 1942 in front of Lübeck Cathedral
  • Contributions to the Lübeckische Bellenkunde. In: Journal of the Association for Lübeck History and Archeology . (ZVLGA). Vol. 3, 1876, pp. 593-599, digitized .
  • The Lübeck rural area in its art-archeological significance. Schmidt & Erdtmann, Lübeck 1883.
  • Lübeck Cathedral. XX sheet illustrations after photographs by the architect F. Munzenburger and the photographer Johs. Noehring . Schmersahl, Lübeck 1885.
  • The church art archeology of the Herzogthum Lauenburg district. In: Journal of the Society for Schleswig-Holstein-Lauenburg History. Vol. 16, 1886, ZDB -ID 201437-3 , pp. 1–194.
  • Memorandum regarding the transformation of the cultural history museum into a museum of Lübeck art and cultural history. Rahtgens, Lübeck 1888.
  • The beginnings of the Renaissance in Lübeck. Rahtgens, Lübeck 1889, (with drawings by Max Metzger ).
  • On the history of Lübeck goldsmithing , Nöhring, Lübeck 1893
  • Lübeck Glockenkunde (= publications on the history of the Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck. Vol. 2). Schmidt, Lübeck 1913 ( published postmortem by Johannes Kretzschmar ).


  • Alken Bruns: Hach family and Hach, Theodor. In: Biographical Lexicon for Schleswig-Holstein and Lübeck. Volume 10. Karl Wachholtz, Neumünster 1994, ISBN 3-529-02650-6 , pp. 142-143, and pp. 154-157.
  • Carl Curtius : Professor Dr. jur. Theodor Hach. An obituary. In: Journal of the Association for Lübeck History and Archeology. (ZVLGA). Vol. 12, 1911, p. 337

Web links

Commons : Theodor Hach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Theodor Hach  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Zentralblatt für Bibliothekswesen 17 (1900), p. 74