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Theudomer , sometimes also written Theodemer (French Théodomir and Théodomer), son of Richomer , a Frankish general in the service of Rome and the Ascyla, was a Frankish king, probably of the Rhine Franks , at the beginning of the 5th century. In 421 or 428 the Romans had him killed with the sword together with his mother.

The only reliable source of Theudomer's life is Gregory of Tours , who reports that the consular tablets report that Richomer was a Roman consul in a year and that his son was executed with his mother. It may be surprising that a man who was present at the Roman imperial court was later able to rise to the rank of Frankish king, but Mallobaudes had already succeeded 30 years earlier .

Pierre Riché suspects that Theudomer the usurpers Constantine III. and Jovinus and that he was later sentenced to death for this by Emperor Flavius ​​Honorius . But why this should have waited more than ten years until then, is not clear. Some historians also suggest that Theudomer was the father of Chlodio . Around 580, Gregory of Tours announced that Chlodio succeeded Theudomer, although Gregor himself was not sure to what extent the two were related to one another. With this statement it even remains unclear whether Chlodio succeeded directly or whether another duke ruled in the meantime. Around 660, Fredegar specified in his chronicle that Theudomer was the father of Chlodios, but it is questionable whether Fredegar had more precise information than Gregor or whether he simply further interpreted Gregor's original.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ John Robert Martindale: Theodemer 1. In: The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire (PLRE). Volume 2, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1980, ISBN 0-521-20159-4 , pp. 1068f.
  2. Maximilian habenberger and Helmut Reimitz: Between past and future. Moments of royalty in Merovingian historiography. In: Franz-Reiner Erkens (Ed.): The early medieval monarchy. Idea and religious foundations. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 2005, ISBN 3-11-092266-5 , ISBN 978-3-11-092266-0 , p. 255 ( digitized version )
  3. ^ Theo Koelzer:  Merovingians. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 17, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-428-00198-2 , pp. 167-173 ( digitized version ).