Tiberius Plautius Silvanus Aelianus
Tiberius Plautius Silvanus Aelianus († probably 79) was a Roman senator of the 1st century.
From his name it can be seen that Tiberius Plautius Silvanus Aelianus was an Aelius Lamia from birth , who was later adopted by a Plautius Silvanus. He was probably born before 11 AD. Plautius 'alleged biological father, Lucius Aelius Lamia , consul of the year 3 AD, was based in Formiae and belonged to a very wealthy family, whose members had been represented in the Senate since Caesar and, with Plautius' father, probably the first time the consulate and perhaps also attained patrician status .
The family, to which his adoptive father, probably Marcus Plautius Silvanus , praetor of the year 24 AD, belonged, had representatives in the Senate as early as the late republic and had belonged since 2 BC. Even to the consular gentes and came from Trebula Suffenas . In 47/8 AD the Plautii, who were probably closely related to the imperial family, were accepted into the patriciate by Claudius .
- Tresvir monetalis (ca. 35);
- Quaestor of Emperor Tiberius (approx. 36);
- Legate of the Legio V Alaudae (approx. 39/40);
- Praetor urbanus (42?);
- Legate and comes of the emperor Claudius during the conquest of Britain (43/4);
- Suffect consul (45);
- accepted under the patricians (47/48);
- Proconsul of the Province of Asia (55/6?);
- Governor of the province of Moesia (after 60?).
- awarded the triumphal ornaments by Vespasian ;
- Governor of the Province of Tarraconensis (Hispania citerior)? (70 / 1-73);
- City prefect of Rome (72?);
- Suffect consul for the 2nd time (74).
After Plautius' first consulate, his career seems to have slowed down a bit. The reasons for this are not entirely clear. Probably because of his meritorious achievements in Moesia, where he successfully fought the Sarmatians and Scythians , he was awarded the ornamenta triumphalia somewhat belatedly under Vespasian . Also under Vespasian, he represented the emperor in the function of pontiff in the year 70 at the celebrations on the occasion of the work to rebuild the temple of Jupiter Capitolinus . The subsequent legacy is very likely a special mission, as the words hunc legatum in Hispaniam ad praefecturam urbis remissum suggest. Plautius probably died in 79 because Vespasian is not yet listed with the epithet divus in his epithet . Perhaps Lucius Aelius Lamia Plautius Aelianus , the suffect consul of the year 80, was his son.
Plautius' mausoleum on Via Tiburtina is a rotunda in the Etruscan style. In addition to himself, numerous members of the Plautier family are buried there. Like the bridge built by Marcus Plautius Lucanus , the well-preserved monument has been covered by a flood wall since 2014 , which threatens the existence of nearby industrial buildings before the Tiber floods.
- Werner Eck : Plautius [II 14]. In: The New Pauly (DNP). Volume 9, Metzler, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 3-476-01479-7 .
- Annalisa Tortoriello: I fasti consolari degli anni di Claudio. Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Roma 2004, ISBN 88-218-0917-X .
- Ursula Vogel-Weidemann : The governors of Africa and Asia in the years 14-68 AD. An investigation into the relationship between Princeps and Senate , Bonn 1982 (Antiquitas, series 1, vol. 31).
- Prosopographia Imperii Romani (PIR²) P (Stemma).
- PIR² P 479.
- According to Tacitus, his adoptive grandmother Urgulania was friends with Empress Livia ( Annalen , 2,34,2; 4,21ff).
- CIL 14, 3607 .
- CIL 14, 3608
- Ursula Vogel-Weidemann : Governor of Africa and Asia. P. 415.
- Tacitus, Historien 4, 53, 3. A. Tortoriello: Fasti consolari. P. 543.
- PIR² A 205.
- Claudius Ziehr: Mausoleo dei Plauzi - Monument in Need ( Memento of the original from May 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Blog from Rome, accessed on May 21, 2014
|SURNAME||Plautius Silvanus Aelianus, Tiberius|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Silvanus Aelianus, Tiberius Plautius; Aelianus, Tiberius Plautius Silvanus|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||roman senator|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1st century BC BC or 1st century|
|DATE OF DEATH||unsure: 79|