Transamund I. (Spoleto)
Around 661/662 Transamund was already comes from Capua when his dux Grimoald von Benevento planned to usurp the kingdom. Godepert , who ruled together with his brother Perctarit as King of the Longobards, sought the support of dux Grimoald of Benevento against Perctarit in 661/662. Grimoald handed over his duchy to his son Romuald I in 662 and marched with a small band of warriors to the royal seat in Pavia. On the way, Grimoald gathered allies and sent Transamund to Spoleto and Tuscany to find more allies. In the Emilia both departments combined. Grimoald stabbed Godepert in his palace in 662. Perctarit fled into exile. A popular assembly confirmed Grimoald as king.
In 662, the Byzantine emperor Constans II landed with his army near Taranto and conquered numerous cities in Benevento. Konstans ended the campaign in 663 and withdrew to Sicily. Transamund is not mentioned in connection with this campaign, but it seems to have excelled here too. After the fighting was over, Grimoald married his daughter to Transamund in 663 and appointed him dux of Spoleto after the death of Attos. Transamund ruled on an equal footing with his brother Wachilapus.
The importance of Spoleto lay on the one hand in the geographical connection between the northern Italian kingdom and the duchy of Benevento, on the other hand it separated the still Roman possessions around Ravenna and the Adriatic Sea from those around Rome and Naples.
After Transamund's death in 703 he was succeeded by his son Faroald II as dux .
- Paulus Diaconus , Historia Langobardorum , ed. Ludwig Bethmann and Georg Waitz , in: Monumenta Germaniae Historica , Scriptores rerum Langobardicarum et Italicarum saec. VI – IX , Hahn, Hanover 1878
- Wilfried Menghin : The Lombards . Theiss-Verlag, Stuttgart 1985.
- Jörg Jarnut : History of the Longobards , Stuttgart 1982. ISBN 3-17-007515-2 . ( Storia dei Longobardi , Torino 1995).
- Paulus Diaconus: History of the Langobards (English)
- Ludo Moritz Hartmann : History of Italy in the Middle Ages Vol. 2.1 . Leipzig 1900, p. 253. (partially overhauled)
- Thomas Hodgkin, Italy and her Invaders Vol VI, p. 242ff (partially outdated)
- Dukes and Marchesi of Spoleto (English)
- Historia Langobardorum IV, 51
- Historia Langobardorum V, 1
- Historia Langobardorum V, 6-11
- Historia Langobardorum V, 16
- Historia Langobardorum VI, 30
- Hartmann, Geschichte Italiens im Mittelalter Vol. 2,1, p. 253.
Duke of Spoleto
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Transemund; Thrasimund; Thrasamund|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Comes from Capua, Dux from Spoleto|
|DATE OF BIRTH||6th century or 7th century|
|DATE OF DEATH||703|