As a trapezoid is referred to sailboats one at the upper part of the mast fixed wire, the weight Trim (d. E. To balance the boat optimal) is used by the crew. A sailor wears trapeze trousers into which he latches an eyelet on the trapeze wire; the wire then holds him up so that the sailor can shift his weight over the edge of the boat. It is common for the sailor to only stand with his feet on the edge of the boat and his whole body is above the water.
Trapeze are used in particular on gliding dinghies such as the 470 and catamarans . If there is only one trapezoidal device, this is usually used by the bowman . If two devices - for the bow and helmsman - are available, one speaks of a double trapezoid .
If the boat suddenly loses sail pressure and heels to the windward side , the sailor hanging in the trapeze can be submerged in the water if he does not react quickly enough. In English, this incident is known as "Tea Bagging" or "Going Lipton ".
Quick release systems (safety)
For some time there have been numerous discussions and technical improvements in the use of the trapezoidal device. There may be times when you look at a capsize can only poorly from the trapezoidal device, especially the hook for trapeze harness solve. There are now quick release systems which, in an emergency, release the connection between the harness vest and harness system on the ship with a pull on a pin or a line. In some classes, these new release systems have already been anchored in the class rules.
With the old racing rules (WR 2005–2008) rule 40.2 was introduced. This rule stipulates the general obligation to wear quick release systems. With the current racing rules, the requirement of a quick release system has been removed due to the lack of sensible technical solutions.