The dinghy is a dimensionally stable dinghy whose design focuses mostly above the waterline. In contrast to the stable keelboat , a dinghy gains its righting moment from the water pressure that acts on the flat shape of the boat bottom. Dinghy is also a traditional name for various types of smaller rowing or sailing boats. Depending on the intended use, dinghies can be divided into racing dinghies or traveling dinghies and form uniform class types in boat classes (see also: List of boat classes ).
A heeling dinghy will only straighten up on its own at very limited heeling angles, as soon as the force (e.g. due to wind pressure) ends. In stronger winds or in gusts , the crew shifts their body weight to the windward side by riding out or “ going into the trapeze ”. This shifts the center of gravity of the dinghy to windward and the dinghy stabilizes again. The crew is not responding or not in time to changes in the wind pressure (for example, by riding or slackening of the sail ) the dinghy to windward can (at suddenly nachlassendem wind pressure, a wind hole) or Lee (at suddenly increasing wind pressure, that is, in gusts) capsize .
Dinghies have a lot of built-in buoyancy , which is achieved by floating bodies or foam-filled cavities. This means that they do not sink even if they capsize. Most of the dinghies also have a double floor, which allows water to run off in the interior after a short time.
A small, round-chipped boat without a beam keel used to be called a dinghy . The name was derived from the Norwegian name jöll for a hollowed trough. Up to the 19th century, dinghies were built as Spitzgattboats , later with the typical transom . In the navy, the dinghy was a small, rounded dinghy in contrast to the larger, more complete launch and the fast, slim gig .
Dinghy sailing is a popular sport in Germany. Sailing clubs that practice dinghy sailing can be found on almost every body of water of sufficient size. In addition to many recreational sailors, there are sailing regattas for the various classes on the weekends from March to October .
A dinghy class called dinghies with a uniform building regulations, which the boats makes when racing directly comparable. Accordingly, class regattas are organized for dinghy classes by sailing clubs or yacht clubs.
The building regulations usually refer at least to the shape of the hull, length, width, weight and sail area. Usually other dimensions of the boat are also limited (for example length of the mast , length of the sword , etc.). There have been supraregional dinghy classes in Germany since around 1900.
Well-known one-hand dinghy classes
- Contender - (international class)
- Europe - (international class)
- Finn - (Olympic class open)
- Laser - (Olympic Class Men)
- Laser Radial - (Olympic Class Women)
- Motte - ( construction class ) - (international class)
- Musto Skiff
- O-dinghy - (1936 Olympic class)
- OK dinghy - (international class)
- Optimist - (international class)
- Splash - (international class)
- 407 dinghy
- Topper - ( no longer built )
Well-known two-man dinghy classes
- 49er - (Olympic class)
- 470s - (Olympic class)
- BM dinghy
- Flying Dutchman
- Flying Junior
- International 14-foot dinghy (INT14)
- Laser 2000/3000/5000
- Laser 4000
- Lis dinghy
- Uni dinghy
- Vaurien - (international class)
- VB dinghy
- Migratory bird
- Comparable to the Megin , which, however, has a keel sword for safety reasons