Tunu ( Danish Østgrønland , in German East Greenland ) was one of the three administrative districts of Greenland from 1950 to 2009 . The administrative seat was in the main settlement, Tasiilaq . In 2005 the population was 3800.
Tunu translates as "the back of the country" in German.
The district consisted of two municipalities , Ammassalik and Illoqqortoormiut in the south, as well as part of the Northeast Greenland National Park ( municipality-free area ), which occupied the northern half of the district.
In the east it bordered the Greenland Sea , the European Arctic Ocean , the Denmark Strait and the North Atlantic . To the west was the Kitaa district and to the north the Avanersuaq district .
In June 1931 Norwegian fishermen occupied the east coast of Greenland with the approval of their government in Oslo. On July 12, 1931, the official proclamation of the Norwegian territory Eirik Raudes Land followed . A year later, in July 1932, the territory of Fridtjof-Nansen-Land on the south east coast was proclaimed. The reason for taking possession of the East Greenland territories was that Denmark had only opened up, settled and effectively ruled West Greenland in the past centuries and could therefore only assert claims on the western part of the island. The island was threatened with division. After an arbitration ruling by the Permanent International Court of Justice in The Hague on April 5, 1933, Norway gave up its claims on East Greenland again.
Effective January 1, 2009, the previous municipalities and districts were replaced by the four large municipalities Qeqqata Kommunia , Kommuneqarfik Sermersooq , Qaasuitsup Kommunia and Kommune Kujalleq as part of a comprehensive administrative reform .
- ↑ International Law - Jura in a Nutshell - International Law + Examination Course in International Law . CF Müller, 2014, ISBN 978-3-8114-7142-9 , pp. 561 .