Treaty of Namslau

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The Treaty of Namslau , also known as “The Peace of Namslau”, was concluded on November 22, 1348 in the Silesian city of Namslau between the Bohemian King Charles IV and the Polish King Casimir the Great .


After the renewal of the kingship in Poland in 1295 there were disputes between Bohemia and Poland over supremacy in Silesia , which ended with the Treaty of Trenčín in 1335 . With the Treaty of Namslau in 1348 the Trenčín Treaty was confirmed, in which Casimir the Great renounced his historical-political and hereditary-dynastic rights to Silesia and the Bohemian King John of Luxembourg in return his claims to the Polish throne had given up.

Simultaneously with the Treaty of Namslau King Kazimir handed over the Namslauer Land, which Boleslaw III gave him . because of financial difficulties had pledged in 1341, to King Charles IV. The latter released it from the Duchy of Brieg and slammed it to the Duchy of Breslau . This was a fiefdom of the Bohemian king since 1327 , which after the death of Henry III. In 1335 it fell back to the Crown of Bohemia .

Between 1289 and 1336 the Silesian dukes, with the exception of Bolko II von Schweidnitz-Jauer , recognized the suzerainty of the Bohemian King John of Luxembourg . After his death in 1368, Bolko's duchy came to Bohemia through the marriage of his niece Anna von Schweidnitz with Emperor Charles IV in 1353 . Although Anna was no longer alive at the death of Bolko II, Schweidnitz came to the Bohemian king because, on the occasion of Anna's wedding, her uncle Ludwig I, the future Polish king, had renounced all claims to Schweidnitz in favor of the Luxembourgers . However, it remained in the usufruct of Bolko's widow Agnes von Habsburg until 1392 .

In 1372, Ludwig I, who had been King of Poland since 1370, fully confirmed the Treaties of Trenčín and Namslau.