The Villa Löw-Beer is an Art Nouveau villa built in 1903/04 by the architect Alexander Neumann for the entrepreneur Moritz Fuhrmann in Brno in the Czech Republic . From 1913 to 1939 it was inhabited by the family of the wealthy cloth manufacturer Alfred Löw-Beer , whose daughter Grete and her husband Fritz Tugendhat later built the Villa Tugendhat in the upper area of the property .
The villa is located at Drobného 22 (formerly Sadová - Park Street) in the Brno-Sever district in the cadastral municipality of Černá Pole, northeast and not far from the old town of Brno. In the 1860s, the development of the hillside properties above Lužánky Park (Augarten) began according to an urban planning concept by Heinrich von Ferstel . The area with its villas developed into one of the most desirable residential areas in Brno.
History and architecture
Construction of the villa based on a design by the architect Alexander Neumann began in 1903. The client was the entrepreneur Moritz Fuhrmann (1850–1910). According to the magazine for the municipal capital Brno, the villa housed four apartments with a total of 14 rooms, 7 wardrobes, 3 kitchens, 2 bathrooms and 6 toilets. The almost symmetrical roadside facade interacts with the two lateral projections elegant. The main entrance is on the right. A few steps lead from the anteroom to the large central hall with the main staircase to the upper floor. This natural lighting is provided by a pyramid-shaped glass roof. On the garden side, stairs lead to the park from a terrace. The upper facade areas are adorned with a band with Art Nouveau stucco decoration, the lower areas are highlighted with rusticated imitation . Similar jewelry can also be found on the walls and ceilings of the interiors, in some cases as wood carvings. Art Nouveau floral motifs also adorn ceramic tiles and the cast iron banisters. After Fuhrmann's death, his heirs sold the villa to the textile entrepreneur Alfred Löw-Beer (1872–1939) for 290,000 crowns in August 1913 . The new owner later had some changes made by the Viennese architect Rudolf Baumfeld (1903–1988) - probably under the impression of the Tugendhat House built for his daughter and son-in-law . The Jewish family had to leave the house in 1939 and emigrate abroad. The house was confiscated by the Gestapo in 1940 , after 1945 it was nationalized and used as a youth center until 2012. In the park of the villa there is also the old customs house, a functional building that was used for stables and as a garden house.
Restoration and museum
The villa has been classified as a national cultural monument since 1958 .
In 2013 and 2014 a general renovation of the building took place (roof repairs, facade renovation , repair of doors and windows, new sanitary facilities, gas and electricity installations, new central heating) with strict consideration of the monument protection. The exhibition “The World of the Brno Bourgeoisie Around the Löw-Beers and Tugendhat” has been open to the public in the villa since the end of 2015. A café and additional exhibition rooms were created in the also renovated customs house in the garden.
Machine for the production of punch cards for jacquard looms
- Dagmar Černoušková: Arnoldova vila nad Lužánkami. K první vilové kolonii v Brně. In: Jana Čermáková et al. (Ed.): A VŮBEC… Utajený sborník Mileně Flodrové k 75. narozeninám. Brno 2010, pp. 394-427, pp. 574-575.
- Dagmar Černoušková: Genius loci svahu nad lužáneckým parkem. K první vilové kolonii v Brně. In: 67th Bulletin Moravské galerie v Brně . Brno 2011, pp. 70-79. ( online )
- Dagmar Černoušková: Löw-Beerova vila v Brně. In: Jan Sedlák et al .: Slavné brněnské vily . Prague 2006, pp. 27-28. ( online )
- Petra Svobodová, Jaromír Hanák: History a současnost vily Löw-Beer v Brně. In: Sborník Muzea Brněnska 2014. Brno 2014, pp. 125–140.
- N / A: From the shadow of Tugendhat. In: Prager Zeitung of February 24, 2016 ( online )
- Dagmar Černoušková: Arnoldova vila nad Lužánkami. K první vilové kolonii v Brně. In: Jana Čermáková et al. (Ed.): A VŮBEC… Utajený sborník Mileně Flodrové k 75. narozeninám . Brno 2010, pp. 394-427, pp. 574-575.
- Dagmar Černoušková: genius loci svahu nad lužáneckým park. K první vilové kolonii v Brně. In: 67th Bulletin Moravské galerie v Brně . Brno 2011, pp. 70-79. ( online )
- Dagmar Černoušková: Low-Beerová vila v Brně. In: Jan Sedlák et al .: Slavné brněnské vily . Prague 2006, pp. 27-28. ( online )
- vila Löw-Beer ÚSKP 41917 / 7-6987 in the monument catalog pamatkovykatalog.cz (Czech).