Monument Authority

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Monument Authority is the name for various government agencies that deal with monument protection and preservation .


In Germany, responsibility for monument protection and preservation lies with the federal states . It is part of the cultural sovereignty of the countries. There are 16 monument protection laws in Germany  that regulate the structure of the monument authorities. The laws shape the structure of the authorities differently, but according to partly similar principles. Most countries differentiate between monument protection authorities and monument protection authorities .

Monument protection authority

Monument protection authorities are enforcement authorities that make decisions about whether a cultural monument may be destroyed, removed, relocated , redesigned, repaired or changed in appearance. Monument protection authorities are integrated into the hierarchical state administrative structure and usually have a two-tier (lower and highest monument protection authority) or three-tier structure (lower, upper and highest monument protection authority). The highest monument protection authority is always the responsible state ministry , the upper authority is usually the regional council or the district government , the lower one is based at a local authority, usually a district or a district-free city . In Saarland and the city states of Berlin , Hamburg and Bremen there are different rules. In Saarland, monument management is combined in the ministry as a whole.

Historic monuments authority

In most federal states there is a state office for the preservation of monuments, partly with this, partly with a slightly different name. These are specialist authorities that are outside the hierarchy of the enforcement authorities and are directly subordinate to the respective ministry. The conservation authorities are functional pools of experts in monument conservation. They advise monument owners and monument protection authorities in their decisions. The extent to which they are allowed to influence decisions under monument law varies depending on the federal state and ranges from pure advice to the fact that the monument protection authority may only act in agreement with the specialist authority.

In most of the federal states there is only one uniform monument authority for all areas of monument preservation. In some federal states there used to be separate specialist authorities for soil and building and art monument maintenance . In North Rhine-Westphalia, the conservation authorities are located with the regional associations and the city of Cologne .

The associations of the conservation authorities are the Association of State Monument Preservators in the Federal Republic of Germany and the Association of State Archaeologists . For their part, these two umbrella organizations have no official character.


As a rule, the lower monument protection authority is initially responsible . There are special regulations in some federal states for state-owned cultural monuments, church property and ground monuments.


The monument protection authority of Austria is the Federal Monuments Office as a subordinate agency of the Federal Ministry for Education, Art and Culture . Nine state conservatoires of the Federal Monuments Office work at the state level . In addition, the Monument Advisory Board is active in an advisory capacity.


Heritage protection and monument preservation are the responsibility of the federal government and the cantons. At the federal level, the Federal Commission for Monument Preservation (EKD) is the highest body and the Federal Office of Culture is affiliated with the Federal Department of Home Affairs . In the cantons, the preservation of monuments are official offices that are subordinate to a department of the cantonal government . Depending on the canton, specialist commissions and bodies are appointed (e.g. monument council, town and village image commission).

The Swiss Homeland Security, which is divided into cantonal sections, is a private association that is primarily involved in the field of buildings for cultural heritage.

Czech Republic

In 2003, the Národní památkový ústav (NPÚ, German: National Monument Authority) was founded in the Czech Republic . It emerged from the 1958 Státní ústav památkové péče a ochrany přírody (German: State Authority for the Care of Monuments and the Protection of Nature). The NPÚ is a specialized authority whose task is the protection of monuments in the Czech Republic.

The Ústřední seznam kulturních památek České republiky (ÚSKP, German: Central List of Cultural Monuments in the Czech Republic) was created as early as 1987 and is maintained and managed by the NPÚ. This list provides information about the cultural monuments in the Czech Republic online in digitized form. The listed cultural monuments can be searched for either kraj (part of the country) or okres (district) via the MomunNet Internet portal . The information obtained from the search can be printed out or exported to a spreadsheet program.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Association of State Monument Preservators , Germany
  2. ^ Association of State Archaeologists , Germany
  3. ^ Federal Monuments Office Austria
  4. ^ National Heritage Institute , website of the NPÚ, accessed June 27, 2017
  5. Ústřední seznam kulturních památek ČR Website of the Czech Ministry of Culture (Czech).
  6. or search mask  in the monument catalog (Czech).

Web links