A clothes peg (in Bavaria Glupperl , Waschglupperl , in Austria also Kluppe or Klupperl , in the Canton of Zurich and Eastern Switzerland Chlüppli, Chlupperli, Chlüpperli ) is mainly used to attach laundry to a clothesline .
The original shape of the clothes peg is a split or slit piece of wood , which was put on the clothes, which were placed over the clothesline with a flap, and thus fixed them to the line.
With industrialization in the second half of the 19th century, the further development of the clothes peg began, both to simplify handling and to do justice to machine production. In the United States, for example, over 150 different models were patented by 1900 .
The version most commonly used today consists of two identical, elongated legs made of wood or plastic , which are held together in the middle by a leg spring made of stainless metal . The leg spring also serves as a joint . Pressing the two legs together at one end opens the other end. When the clamp is released, the force of the spring presses the legs together again.
Wooden clips are made of light, non-staining and non- resinous types of wood, usually birch wood . The modern shape is gentler on the laundry compared to the simple clip clips, as it does not rub against the laundry when it is attached and removed. In addition, push-in clips require a thicker clothesline , as they do not have sufficient hold on the thin plastic lines that are usually used today.
In the 1970s, wood began to be replaced by plastic.
In addition to the standard version with leg spring, there are various variants with other spring shapes.
Since the late 1950s there have been miniaturized, functional plastic pegs in Germany, which are modeled on clothespins - in the dimensions 25 mm in length, 6–7 mm in width and 3 mm in thickness, in a wide range of colors. These clips , known as party clips , mini clips or rock 'n' roll clips , are used to fix a napkin to clothing, to mark (personalize) drinks glasses at parties, to hold notes together, as toys for children, as coin amplifiers at the Working with children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) or manual flexibility training for seniors. The wearing of rock 'n' roll clips on shirt collars by young people was interpreted in the GDR as "friendly to the West".
The clothes peg in its modern form is now a mass product and is also used in other areas. Musicians like to use them as paper holders (e.g. to keep hymn books open on the music board of a church organ for the desired song). Wooden clothespins or their parts are particularly popular as craft material.
Commercially available clothespins are often used in BDSM . They serve to protect sensitive body parts such as B. To stimulate nipples by applying different pressure and tension. They are used on men and women and represent an alternative to the use of special brackets .
- Pictures of historical clothespins at www.seifen.at
- American patent clothespins at the Smithsonian Institute
- More clothespins at the Smithsonian Institute
- Vera Bernard-Opitz Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASS): a practical handbook for therapists, parents and teachers , W. Kohlhammer Verlag (2007) Chapter 5.3 .
- Dorothee Wierling Born in year one: Born in 1949 in the GDR: An attempt at a collective biography , Ch. Links Verlag, 2002. p. 230 .
- Wiebke Janssen Halbstarke in the GDR: persecution and criminalization of a youth culture, Volume 1 , Ch. Links Verlag, 2010. p. 204 .