Defensive wall

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Medieval defensive wall of the churchyard in Pottschach

Defensive wall is a collective term for various types of walls that are used for defensive purposes in fortified structures such as city ​​fortifications , fortresses and castles .

Types of defensive walls

For lining the moat:

Building material

The material from which the masonry was built was mostly based on the natural occurrence of suitable stones . Thus, in the region of was the Middle Rhine basalt a popular building material, while in today's Ruhr like sandstone was used. In the stone- poor areas of northern Germany , brick again prevailed.

Defensive walls also differ in the shape of the stone used. Field stones and rubble stones were available as inexpensive building materials almost everywhere. Hewn cuboids or even humpback blocks , on the other hand, could only be afforded by wealthy builders.


The oldest literary mention of a defensive wall can be found in the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh (approx. 24th century BC). Gilgamesh, king of the city of Uruk , forced the inhabitants to build a city ​​wall .


Web links

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