Whitish (struppen)

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View from Rauenstein to Weißig and the Lilienstein
View from Lilienstein to Weißig
Häuslerhaus (built in 1841) in the center of Weißig

Weißig is a small village and part of the Struppen municipality in Saxon Switzerland .


The village is located on the eastern edge of the flatness , which is in front of the Bärensteinen and the Rauenstein , on the left bank of the Elbe near Oberrathen . The development is arranged around a small spring basin (valley cut).


The district, about five kilometers from the center of Struppens and about two kilometers from the health resort Rathen , is said to have existed as a small Slavic hamlet even before the German settlement . The place was first mentioned in a document in 1431 as in the Leibgutsverschrift about the village Wissag . Later forms of name include Weissagk (1530) and Weißigk (1586/87). The place name is derived from wysoki (Old Sorbian for high) and indicates the location of the village.

The economic basis of the small village (size: 290 hectares) was agriculture with the cultivation of grain, potatoes and fodder plants for centuries. In 1968 the local farmers merged to form LPG (P) Saxon Switzerland, which farmed an area of ​​170 ha.

The farms were built in two arches around the basin of the valley cut, with the larger two and three-sided farms forming the outer arch. The inner arch is formed by smaller courtyards and cottages. In terms of settlement geography, the place is to be addressed as a round square-like row village. The old townscape has been a listed building since 1993.

The tourist development can be traced back to 1880. At that time, the first room rental took place in the then Erbgericht. However, the development into a holiday resort only took off after 1945. Today the Malerweg , the main hiking trail in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, runs through Weißig.

The Todt organization ran a forced labor camp with up to 1,000 prisoners in Weißig . These had to cut tunnels in a quarry in the neighboring Struppen district of Strand under conditions similar to concentration camps. In the last years of the war, synthetic gasoline production was to start here under the code name Schwalbe II . A sub-camp was set up on the "black path" right next to the Königstein Fortress . Every day the prisoners were driven from there (5 km) to work in the Elbe Valley.

The previously independent place was incorporated into Thürmsdorf on January 1, 1973 . Today Weißig has about 120 inhabitants.


Christian Petzold (1677–1733), organist and composer


Web links

Commons : Weißig / Struppen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 50 ° 57 '  N , 14 ° 4'  E