Small troops

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Small troops
Struppen municipality
Coordinates: 50 ° 56 ′ 15 ″  N , 14 ° 0 ′ 43 ″  E
Height : 240 m above sea level NN
Incorporation : February 1, 1918
Postal code : 01796
Area code : 035020
Small troops (Saxony)
Small troops

Location of small troops in Saxony

Castle small troops
Accommodation house of the Kgl. Saxon. Soldiers 'boys' education center for small troops
Seal of the community of Klein-Struppen

Kleinstruppen is a district of Struppen in the district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge in Saxony .


Small troops is located southeast of the Saxon capital Dresden in Saxon Switzerland . It is located on the Struppener or Pirnaer flatness between the valley of the Elbe in the north and the depression of the Struppenbach in the south. The corridors around Kleinstuppen, which is in the Struppen district , are mostly used for agriculture. The closest places are Struppen immediately to the south and west, its districts Thürmsdorf in the east and Naundorf in the northeast and the easternmost Pirna district Obervogelgesang in the north, below the terrain on the edge of the Elbe valley. Most of the small troops are accessed via the Kirchberg road, which leads from Struppen to Naundorf. The Kleinstruppen Castle, also known as the Altes Schloss Struppen, and the buildings of the former soldiers 'boys' education center are characteristic of the site. The Struppen elementary school is also located in small troops.


View of small troops with an educational institution for soldiers boys, school, castle and church

The place was first mentioned in 1412, when a "Nigkel von Goͤrwicz zcuͤ Struͤppen geseßen" is mentioned in a document. From this it can be concluded that there was an aristocratic seat in Struppen at that time, which was very likely located at the location of the Kleinstruppen castle. In 1536 "two forwergk in dem dorffe zcu Stroppaw" are mentioned. The place name Kleinstruppen itself is u. a. Mentioned in 1696, the addition "Klein-" serves to distinguish it from the former administrative village of Struppen, which had significantly more residents and was subordinate to the Pirna office . However, both were part of the Struppen parish.

The Vorwerk turned into a manor , where a resident nobleman exercised the manorial rule. A small village developed through the settlement of a few cottagers around this property. Of the 690 hectares of Struppens forest hooves , 304 hectares belonged to small troops. Over the centuries the manor had numerous owners. From the early 16th century it belonged to the Bernstein family, who came from the Bärenstein in Eastern Ore Mountains . The castle was probably built around this time. In 1541 Walter von Bernstein was enfeoffed, after the death of Hans Gottlob von Bernstein in 1633 the manor belonged to a. a. the von Carlowitz and von Buchner families . From 1737 to 1822 the manor belonged to the von Rayski family ; the important graphic artist and portrait painter Ferdinand von Rayski was visiting his relatives in small troops.

In September and October 1756, the area around Struppen was the scene of the siege near Pirna , which marked the beginning of the Seven Years' War . The Prussian army starved the 20,000 strong Saxon army encamped between Pirna and the Königstein fortress and incorporated it into its own ranks after its attempt to break out and subsequent surrender. During this time, the headquarters of the Saxon Army was in the small troops manor; The Prussian King Friedrich II stayed there for a short time . At that time the nearby villages of Obervogelgesang and Naundorf belonged to the manor, but not Struppen, which was still an official village.

In 1822 the Saxon state bought the castle. He set up a Royal Saxon Soldiers 'Boys' Education Center there, which was moved here from Annaburg , which fell to Prussia in 1815 . In small troops, former soldiers raised a total of more than 6,000 half-orphans and orphans from the age of 12, among them the politician Heinrich Bunde and the writer Otto Krille , and trained them in professions in the economic and civil service. From 1831 Heinrich August Blochmann was the head . A new accommodation building was built from 1828 to 1832, a gymnasium was added in 1893 and a schoolhouse was added in 1897. The facility was increasingly used to train prospective NCOs until it was dissolved in 1920 as a result of the Treaty of Versailles .

On the basis of the rural community order of 1838 , small troops had achieved its independence as a rural community . Since 1875, the place was part of the Pirna administration , which was renamed the Pirna district in 1939. On February 1, 1918, small troops were incorporated into Struppen ; Since new troops were added a year later , the parts of Struppens, which had previously been separate for centuries, have been reunited. From 1952 to 1994, small troops belonged to the Pirna district as part of Struppens . The mountain inn on the Kleiner Bärenstein , which has not been preserved, was also part of the Kleinstruppen manor .

In the 1920s, the “Vogelsang” children's recreation home was housed in the buildings of the former soldiers 'boys' education center. From 1933 to 1945 they served a. a. as an SA leadership school , as barracks of the 5th replacement company of Pioneer Battalion 13 and as an auxiliary hospital. After the Second World War , the castle was initially a resettlers' quarter and then after-work home, residential building, kindergarten and furniture store. The manor was at the time of the DDR after expropriation a Volksgut that the corridors of the king nose, a striking view point at an acute angle between base and Frizzled Elbtal, to the road by Thürmsdorf managed. Since the turn of 1989/90 the castle was increasingly empty. The Schlossverein Struppen is trying to renovate and use it, but the school and gym have already been modernized.

Population development

year Residents
1554 4 possessed men , 3 residents
1764 3 gardeners, 3 cottagers
1834 244
1871 372
1890 282
1910 364


  • Königstein area, Saxon Switzerland (= values ​​of the German homeland . Volume 1). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1957, p. 100.
  • Rudolf Bradsky von Laboun: History of the Thürmsdorf manors, small troops and new troops with their villages: together with an appendix, containing the history of the church and school of Struppen and legends of Struppen and Thürmsdorf . Thürmsdorf 1905.
  • Alfred Meiche : Historical-topographical description of the Pirna administration. Dresden, 1927, p. 346 ff. ( Digitized version )
  • Richard Steche : Struppen. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 1. Booklet: Official Authority Pirna . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1882, p. 91.

Web links

  • Small troops in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony