White Russian [ waɪt 'rʌʃ (ə) n ] ( English for "White Russian") is a cocktail made from vodka , coffee liqueur and cream or milk . Because of its sweet and creamy ingredients (liqueur and cream), the short drink is one of the after-dinner drinks . The variant without cream and milk is called Black Russian ("Black Russian").
In the classic preparation of White Russian , two parts (for example 4 cl ) of vodka are mixed with one part (2 cl) of coffee liqueur (such as Kahlúa or Tia Maria ) on ice cubes and either strained without ice in a pre-chilled cocktail bowl or on ice cubes in a tumbler served. Previously, one or two parts of cream were lightly whipped so that it still flows and is not stiff. The cream is carefully slipped ("floated") into the glass over the back of a bar spoon , whereby the layers should not mix.
In simpler versions, the cream is not whipped or milk is used instead. The drink is then usually prepared (“built”) directly in the drinking glass (tumbler or long drink glass ) on ice cubes and, unlike the classic layered version, served with a straw.
The Black Russian is a variant that does without cream and milk. During preparation, vodka and coffee liqueur (originally Kahlúa) are poured into a small tumbler in a ratio of 2: 1 over ice cubes and stirred briefly. The Black Russian is said to go back to Gustave Tops, the long-time bartender at the Hotel Metropole in Brussels , and was first served in the 1950s.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the White Russian was first mentioned in writing in November 1965, but in the same year an advertisement for the liquor manufacturer Southern Comfort appeared on March 21, 1965. Here the White Russian was made with vodka, whipped cream and a coffee liqueur from the brand Southern Comfort recommended.
The White Russian is the main character's favorite drink in the 1998 film The Big Lebowski, made by the Coen brothers . In the film, Jeffrey Lebowski aka "The Dude" (played by Jeff Bridges ) uses Half & Half instead of whipped cream . This is a very light cream that is sold as a finished product in the United States and has a fat content of around 12.5%, somewhere between cream and milk.
- Until the end of 2011 the White Russian was one of the "Official Cocktails" of the International Bartenders Association and was listed as an after-dinner drink : IBA Official Cocktails. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on November 9, 2011 ; accessed on January 12, 2015 (eng).
- Classical preparation according to Helmut Adam , Jens Hasenbein, Bastian Heuser: Cocktailian. The bar's manual . Tre Torri, Wiesbaden 2010, ISBN 978-3-941641-41-9 , p. 221 and Stephan Hinz : Cocktailkunst. The future of the bar . Fackelträger Verlag, Cologne 2014, ISBN 978-3-7716-4553-3 , p. 360f.
- Laura Conti: Beverages. With 106 famous drinks from all over the world . Exclusively for this book photogr. by Hans Joachim Döbbelin, Sigloch Edition, Künzelsau 1989, ISBN 3-89393029-9
- The Museum of the American Cocktail. Pocket Recipe Guide , Robert Hess & Anistatia Miller, 2nd edition 2007, Mixellany, Lexington, ISBN 0-976-09373-1
- The Alcohol Enthusiast "An Enthusiast's Guide to Cocktails: the White Russian. Retrieved June 2, 2016 .
- The Big Lebowski , 00:20: 48,000