Vienna Convention on Road Traffic
The Vienna Road Traffic Convention and the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic , only officially Convention on Road Traffic (Swiss on Road Traffic Convention written), English Convention on Road Traffic , French Convention sur la circulation routière , 1968 is an international treaty which the road by standardization of traffic rules to make them safer.
With the steadily growing number of vehicles and the increase in international trade and travel on European roads, transnational regulations to secure road traffic had to be made very early on. Therefore, that was in 1909 Paris Convention on motor vehicle traffic and 1926, the Paris Convention on motor vehicle traffic and on road traffic drafted been, and 1949, the Geneva Convention relating to motor vehicle traffic .
With a few resolutions from 1963 onwards, it was decided to revise the convention for the purpose of further standardization. The Vienna negotiations were therefore based on previous conferences. Some of the early Conventions remained in force after the 1968 decision.
The conference also adopted the Vienna Convention on Road Signs .
The convention has been ratified by 80 countries so far (as of December 2019) .
The following countries have signed the convention but have not ratified it to date: Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Ghana, Holy See (Vatican), Indonesia, Mexico, Republic of Korea, Spain, Taiwan (Republic of China), Thailand and Venezuela.
The United States, Australia, India and the People's Republic of China, among others, have not signed the agreement.
Germany adopted the Convention in 1977 ( law on the conventions on road traffic and road traffic signs , of September 21, 1977), Austria 1982 (instrument of ratification deposited in 1981, in force on August 11, 1982), Switzerland in 1992 (approved by the Federal Assembly 1978, Instrument of ratification deposited in 1991, in force on December 11, 1992).
The United Kingdom ratified and implemented it into national law on March 28, 2018, as the previous mutual recognition of driving licenses and other documents by the member states of the EU will expire with Brexit . This also applies to Gibraltar , Guernsey and Jersey .
Changes and additional protocols
The further development of the agreement takes place under the umbrella of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UNECE) by the WP.1 working group of the Inland Transport Committee, and has been revised several times.
As early as 1968, the European Community drafted the European Supplementary Convention to the Convention on Road Traffic , which was opened for signature in Vienna on November 8, 1968.
As of March 2014, systems that influence the driving of a vehicle are permitted if they can be overridden or switched off by the driver at any time. The change came into force on March 23, 2016. This creates legal certainty with regard to assistance or automated systems such as adaptive cruise control that are already in traffic and supports the further development of automated driving systems. The driver remains responsible and has to monitor the system.
- UN Treaty collection→ Chapter XI: Transport and Communications →B. Road Traffic→ 19; pdf; with final declaration; text of the convention there p. 65 ff). Five-language version: English, French, Chinese, Russian, Spanish (in the
- Road Traffic and Road Signs and Signals Agreements and Conventions. unece.org, item 8 - various consolidated versions from 2006 and 1993 in several languages (there also other legal sources).
- Germany: BGBl. 1977 II p. 809 (text p. 811, in three languages; pdf).
- Austria: ris.bka ; various images only in pdf) - with an overview of the reservations and declarations (also Germany, beginning and end of the document). (StF; idgF online,
- Switzerland admin.ch ) - with a comparison table for German and Swiss terminology. (as amended online,
European Additional Convention:
- Road Traffic and Road Signs and Signals Agreements and Conventions. unece.org, item 11 - various consolidated versions from 2006, English / French, Russian.
- Germany: BGBl. 1977 II p. 986 (pdf, there p. 178).
- Austria: (StF; idgF online, ris.bka).
- Switzerland (as amended online, admin.ch).
Paris Agreement 1926:
- Switzerland: (as amended online, admin.ch).
UN Convention 1949:
- (unece.org, pdf; via the website given above; there also the European Supplementary Convention of 1950; Point 14).
- Herwig Hauenschild: Road traffic and distribution of competencies. (= Dissertations from the University of Vienna 89); WUV Universitätsverlag, Vienna 2002, ISBN 3-85114-741-3 . Pp. 235-236.
- Source Final Act , p. 1, text of Resolution 1129 (XLI) - quote: “ need to be amended and amplified in order to facilitate road traffic. ”
- International Automobile Driver's Club: United Nations Conference on Road Traffic . ( Memento of November 29, 2010 in the Internet Archive ). Queryed on November 8, 2010.
Status (current list of participating states with signature and ratification date) of the 19th Convention on Road Traffic; in the UN Treaty collection, UNTC (last accessed on December 9, 2019);
Convention on Road Traffic, Vienna, November 8, 1968. United Nations , accessed July 12, 2016 .
- Notice to stakeholders withdrawal of the United Kingdom and EU rules in the field of road transport. In: ec.europa.eu. Retrieved February 9, 2018 .
- ECE / TRANS / WP.1 / 145 Report of the 68th session (March 24-26, 2014); Cape. VA21. unece.org.
- Acceptance of Amendments to Articles 8 and 39 of the Convention. treaties.un.org (accessed September 30, 2016); United Nations Treaty Collection ( Memento of the original dated April 16, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.