Knowledge organization

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Under knowledge organization one summarizes various approaches, methods and systems for the development and organization of information and the expressed with them knowledge together. Above all, the documentation - i.e. H. collecting, developing, organizing and making available - as well as information and knowledge management play a role.

Differences to knowledge representation

While the focus of knowledge organization is on the development and organization of existing knowledge with the help of metadata , one tries to map the information directly in the context of knowledge representation . The knowledge is represented there in a system by corresponding representatives. The boundaries are fluid, however, since most systems for knowledge organization already represent certain structures and every knowledge representation requires a certain structure. Also, glossaries and encyclopedias and other text forms contain both subordinate terms (organization) and definitions (representation).

Instruments and methods

As a rule, knowledge organization takes place with the help of various types of conceptual systems (Knowledge Organization Systems) which, among other things, help to establish a systematic, controlled and uniform terminology .

The knowledge organization makes use of traditional, proven instruments and methods as well as newer approaches that support the development process. A fundamental distinction is made between the formal indexing and the content indexing . While (in libraries for the development, for example. Formal criteria, such as author, title, etc.) at the formal opening will be used as instruments primarily regulations, authority files and standards used in the content development, primarily documentary languages as a tool.

The content indexing can be divided into the creation of content information (reviews, abstracts and annotations) and the content labeling by notations (result of the classification in the coarse indexing ) and by keywords (result of the indexing in the detailed indexing ). For coarse thematic indexing, pre-combined classifications and facet classifications are used as aids; thesauri are used for detailed indexing . The latter are used in particular for terminological control (e.g. merging synonyms and checking homonyms, normalizing different word forms, lexicalising paraphrases or breaking down compounds). Other instruments that are used in the development process include: a. Register (creation of an alternative access to the contents of the documents) and tables of contents .


Examples of systems for organizing knowledge are library catalogs and tables of contents .

See also

Web links


  • Stefan Andreas Keller, René Schneider, Benno Volk (eds.): Knowledge organization and representation with digital technologies . De Gruyter, Berlin, 2014. ISBN 978-3110312706
  • Wolfgang Stock , Mechtild Stock: Wissensrepresentation , Oldenbourg, Munich, 2008, ISBN 978-3-486-58439-4
  • Jutta Bertram: Introduction to content development, basics - methods - instruments . In: Series of publications: Content and Communication . Vol. 2, Ergon-Verlag, Würzburg 2005, ISBN 3-89913-442-7
  • Ingetraut Dahlberg : Knowledge Organization - A New Science? In: Wille, Rudolf (ed.): Conceptual knowledge processing: basic questions and tasks. BI-Wiss.-Verl .: Mannheim [u. a.], 1994, pp. 225-238.
  • Norbert Richard Wolf : Knowledge-organizing and knowledge-imparting literature in the Middle Ages: Perspectives on its exploration. Wiesbaden 1987 (= knowledge literature in the Middle Ages , 1).

Individual evidence

  1. Ortrun Riha : Knowledge organization in medical collective manuscripts: classification criteria and combination principles for texts without a work character. (Germanistic habilitation thesis) Reichert, Wiesbaden 1992 (= knowledge literature in the Middle Ages , 9). ISBN 3-88226-537-X .