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Part of Carta Marina where the whitens (naves frumentarie) are depicted.
Wittine in front of the Lastadie in Koenigsberg
Wittine at the Queen Luise Bridge

Wittinen (from Lithuanian : vytinė ; originally a wicker barge) were sailing barges for inland navigation in Lithuania .

Construction and use

The boats were roughly timbered from thin spruce wood, 20 to 65 meters long, five to seven meters wide, 1.5 to 1.8 meters side high and had no more than 1.2 meters draft . They were planked in clinker and Kraweel construction . They had a mast with a square sail , no top , with Bastseilen connected boards as cover . The high boards at the bow and stern tapered at an acute angle. On smaller rivers that could barges towed are.

From the 16th century to the first half of the 19th century, they were mainly used on the Memel and the Curonian Lagoon . They served Memel's trade with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Königsberg i. Pr. And were originally only intended for a single trip. After their actual use, the ships were either broken up to harvest wood or used for a short period in local traffic to transport building materials and the like. At the turn of the 19th century there were so many Wittinen on the Pregel that one could get from one bank to the other via the barges. In 1612 40 Wittinen sank on the Curonian Lagoon. In the early 20th century, only a few ships of this type were used.


  • Wilhelm Korn: Explanations for understanding shipping and naval warfare. Reference book from 1774 . Historical shipping, vol. XXXIII, Wittinen (keyword)
  • Jerzy Litwin: The Memel, Wittinen and the inland navigation to Königsberg . Deutsches Schiffahrtsarchiv (DSA) 23 (2000), pp. 373-394, abstract

Individual evidence

  1. Jurgis Mališauskas: Baltic elements in the work of Simon Dach ( Annaberger Annalen , 17/2009, pp. 176–190; PDF; 116 kB)
  2. a b c Oskar Teubert: Die Binnenschiffahrt - A manual for everyone involved , Volume 1, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig, 1912, p. 267.
  3. ^ Robert Albinus: Königsberg Lexicon . Würzburg 2002, ISBN 3-88189-441-1
  4. ^ Dietrich Voigt: Hydraulic and Melioration Construction in East Prussia