Scholven colliery

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Scholven colliery
General information about the mine
Information about the mining company
Start of operation 1911
End of operation 1963
Successor use Industrial area, cultural monument
Funded raw materials
Degradation of Hard coal
Geographical location
Coordinates 51 ° 35 '49.2 "  N , 7 ° 0' 12.2"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 35 '49.2 "  N , 7 ° 0' 12.2"  E
Scholven colliery (regional association Ruhr)
Scholven colliery
Location Scholven colliery
Location Scholven
local community Gelsenkirchen
Independent city ( NUTS3 ) Gelsenkirchen
country State of North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
District Ruhr area

The Scholven colliery is a former hard coal mine in Gelsenkirchen .


The Prussian state acquired at the beginning of the 20th century several large pit field possession in the area of the northern Ruhr area and southern Münsterland. The mining company Recklinghausen was founded, the majority of which was owned by the state. From 1905 onwards, this was headed by Hibernia AG .

In 1908 the coal mine Zweckel was consolidated . This began in Scholven with the sinking of the double shaft system in Berlin and in Zweckel with the sinking of the double shaft system in Potsdam .

In 1910 the two pits were renamed Scholven and Zweckel, and the Zweckel mine was named Berginspektion 5. In 1911, the Scholven colliery went into production. From 1913 a coking plant was operated on Scholven 1/2 . The mine developed very promisingly and was soon producing 700,000 tons of gas and gas flame coal annually.

In 1927 the mining company Recklinghausen was taken over by Hibernia AG. The mining inspection was renamed the Zweckel mine again, and the two mines continued to be operated as individual works departments. As early as 1928, however, it was decided to combine the two mines again for reasons of rationalization. An underground connection to the Zweckel 1/2 mine was created. 1929 pit Zweckel was prepared from the promotion taken and continues to operate as a second pit section of the mine Scholven. The name Zeche Scholven was chosen as the future name of the mine. In 1928 the coking plant was expanded to become a central coking plant . Furthermore, an extensive coal chemical and power plant of a consortium of several operating companies was put into operation in the vicinity.

In 1936, the coal chemical operations were expanded to include facilities for coal liquefaction in Bergius-Pier. From then on, the entire chemical plant was run as Hydrogenation Works Scholven AG of IG Farben . At that time, mining at the Scholven colliery reached almost 1 million tonnes of coal a year with coke production of 1 million tonnes.

In 1944 and 1945, the mine was badly affected by the aerial warfare, also because of the chemical works that followed immediately. In 1944, production had to be shifted back to the Zweckel colliery because the Scholven mine was too badly damaged. In 1945 the central coking plant had to be taken out of service due to excessive destruction.

After lengthy reconstruction work, a new coking plant went into operation in 1950. In 1951, the production was finally relocated from Zweckel to Scholven. In 1952, the coal chemical works and the power station were transferred to VEBA AG (today E.ON ).


After the coal crisis broke out , Hibernia AG took the decision to combine the funding of the former mining inspection mine and to limit it to a few plants. The Rheinbaben and Westerholt collieries along with the Hassel central coking plant were to be retained as high-performance plants .

Therefore, the Scholven Central Coking Plant was taken out of service in 1960. For 1963 it was decided to shut down the total production of the Scholven colliery, and it was completed on February 23 of that year.

Follow-up use and current state

In the following years the Scholven shafts were backfilled and the daytime facilities were partially demolished. The Zweckel mine was set up for water retention and is now a monument (Zweckel machine hall). The boiler house is now used by Uniper (before 2016: E.ON) for district heating and steam generation . The rest of the area is used by Ineos Phenol Chemie.

The south-eastern part of the Scholven area was built over in 1965 by a new central coking plant. This was taken over by Ruhrkohle AG and operated there until 1991.

In the north-eastern part there are still some administration buildings, the boiler house and the machine house. The systems were used by Hibernia AG to generate electricity and later expanded to the north. Between 1968 and 1971 the almost identical units B – E went into operation. Units G and H followed in 1974 and 1975 (50% share by RWE Power), Unit F in 1979 and at the end of 1985 the Buer district heating power plant (FWK). Today the Scholven power plant is operated by Uniper. Units D - F were shut down in 2016.

The Oberscholven dump was planted with greenery.


  • Wilhelm Hermann, Gertrude Hermann: The old mines on the Ruhr. 6th expanded and updated edition, Verlag Karl Robert Langewiesche, successor Hans Köster KG, Königstein i. Taunus, 2006, ISBN 3784569943

Individual evidence

  1. GELSENZENTRUM Gelsenkirchen - Hydrierwerke Scholven AG. In: Retrieved March 2, 2015 .