Tent roof church

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A tent roof church is a varied type of church building with a polygonal tent roof , i.e. at least three roof surfaces inclined towards each other and usually an open roof structure that does essentially without supports. This gives the impression of a tent from the outside and inside. The view up is rarely limited by a “sky”. The triangular or irregular roof surfaces can be flat or (on the underside) concave ; in the extreme case, it is a "Nurdachkirchen", where the roof surfaces are pulled down to the ground. In this case one speaks of a tent church.

to form

Older examples of historical tent- roofed churches are the Russian tower churches, influenced by Asian architecture, with a regular polygonal tower as the central structural element, which is decorated with characteristic roof sheds or deep incisions.

The oldest modern German tent -roofed church is the Catholic Parish Church of St. Elisabeth, a square quarry stone building (1929/30) in a birch honey dinner based on designs by Dominikus Böhm .

The spread of the tent roof concept in the modern age is related to liturgical renewal tendencies through which the congregation was brought into focus.


  • Herbert Faensen, Klaus G. Beyer: Churches and monasteries in old Russia: Style history of old Russian architecture from the Kievan Rus to the decline of Tatar rule. Schroll Verlag 1982.

Individual evidence

  1. Kirchenbau , in: Enzyklopdie der Neuzeit , ed. by Friedrich Jäger, vol. 6, p. 634.