Abu Daoud (born August 16, 1937 in Jerusalem , † July 3, 2010 in Damascus ; Arabic أبو داوود, DMG Abū Dāwūd , real name Mohammed Daoud Oudeh , Arabicمحمد عودة, DMG Muḥammad ʿAuda ) was a mastermind of the Munich Olympic assassination of 1972. Unlike many other Palestinian participants, he did not fall victim to the liquidation of the Mossad special unit Caesarea ( Operation Wrath Of God ).
Abu Daoud was born in an eastern suburb of Jerusalem and worked as a teacher. In 1967 Israel captured East Jerusalem in the Six Day War and Abu Daoud fled to Jordan . In Jordan he joined the PLO Yasser Arafats . Contrary to Arafat's political tactics hoped Abu Daoud, "the military indomitable opponents Israel to wrestle through guerrilla actions." Opportunity to do so should the 1972 Summer Olympics give. Abu Daoud said in an interview with the taz in 2006 that the Israeli hostage-taking was a reaction to the failed application by the Palestinians to send their own Olympic team.
“The Palestinians had applied to participate in the Olympic Games. We wanted to make the world aware of us through our participation. But our application was rejected and so we decided to take part in our own way. "
Abu Daoud, who had lived in Berlin for a long time, personally obtained the weapons for the Israeli team to be taken hostage and accompanied the eight members of the commando to the fence of the Olympic village. Daoud later claimed that the murder of the hostages was not planned, but that 234 Palestinian prisoners and two German prisoners ( Ulrike Meinhof and Andreas Baader ) were to be released. In his 1999 memoir, Daoud claimed that Arafat was aware of the plan and approved it. In later interviews, he claimed the opposite.
Israel announced that it would avenge the attack in Munich; the Mossad set up its own special Caesarea for this purpose , which killed several suspects and their supporters. In 1981 he was seriously injured and survived an attack at the Hotel Victoria in Warsaw . Abu Daoud claimed the Mossad was behind it. A possible client could also have been the Palestinian leader Abu Nidal .
In 1973 Abou Daoud was sentenced to death in Amman while preparing for a coup against King Hussein , then to life imprisonment, but King Hussein released him under pressure from the Arab countries. In 1977 he was arrested in Paris ; he escaped extradition to the Federal Republic of Germany , however, because the French government was paying attention to political interests in the Middle East and deported him to Algeria . He then hid in Lebanon and Eastern Europe .
When the most important allies of the Palestinian groups were lost with the collapse of the communist dictatorships of the Eastern Bloc and an agreement was negotiated between Arafat and Yitzchak Rabin in 1996 , Abu Daoud and many other former guerrilla fighters were given amnesty. He returned from Jordan over the Allenby Bridge to the West Bank and was henceforth active as an important diplomat for the PLO; that year he was allowed to travel through Israel to attend a PLO meeting in the Gaza Strip . There he advocated a resolution to delete that part of the PLO charter that calls for the destruction of Israel.
Disputes within the PLO leadership drove him again into exile in Damascus ; When he wrote his memoirs in 1999 and openly admitted his share in the hostage-taking in Munich, Israel refused to allow him to re-enter the Palestinian Territories . The Federal Public Prosecutor's Office formally began a preliminary investigation “against Abu Daoud and others on suspicion of collective murder” and issued a new, albeit ineffective, arrest warrant.
For his memoirs Palestine, from Jerusalem to Munich , he received the Palestinian Culture Prize.
Most recently he lived in Damascus, where he died of kidney failure . He is buried in the Martyrs Cemetery in Damascus.
He was married with five daughters and one son.
- Willi Winkler : No regrets for the blood bath in Munich. Obituary for Abu Daoud in Süddeutsche Zeitung on July 5, 2010, p. 7.
- Fatima Shihabi: "Of course violence creates counter-violence" . Interview with Abou Daoud, taz from February 3, 2006].
- more precisely: Prenzlauer Berg . 
- Harvey W. Kushner: Munich Olympic Massacre . In: same: Encyclopedia of Terrorism. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks / London / New Delhi 2003, p. 249.
- Fatima Shihabi: "Of course violence creates counter-violence" . Interview with Abou Daoud, taz from February 3, 2006
- SPIEGEL TV: Olympia assassination 1972 - The Mossad's Revenge, 2006
- Jerusalem Post: Munich terrorist 'regrets nothing' of January 28, 2006, accessed on July 5, 2010
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Oudeh, Mohammed Daoud (real name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Palestinian mastermind behind the 1972 Olympic attack|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 16, 1937|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Jerusalem|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 3, 2010|
|Place of death||Damascus|