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FCI Standard No. 186
1.1 Pinscher
Origin :


Withers height:

Male and female: 25–30 cm


Male and female: ≈ 4–6 kg

List of domestic dogs

The Affenpinscher is a dog breed from Germany recognized by the FCI ( FCI group 2, section 1.1, standard no. 186 ).

Origin and history

The Affenpinscher is one of the oldest, almost unchanged, dog breeds in Germany. It was originally bred as a ratter for hunting rats and mice . Early depictions, for example by Albrecht Dürer , show a clearly similar appearance to the Affenpinscher known today. The Affenpinscher used to be available in many colors and shades, from light yellow to reddish or gray tones to blue-gray and black.


The Affenpinscher belongs to the Pinscher and Schnauzer family . He and the Miniature Pinscher are the smallest representatives of this breed family. It differs from the other pinschers, among other things, in its rough fur , the shortened muzzle and the overshot . The bridge of the nose must be straight. When the muzzle is closed, the teeth must not be visible. The name Affenpinscher supposedly comes from the monkey-like facial expression. These dogs are 25 to 30 cm tall and weigh 4 to 6 kg. According to the standard, the coat is always black with a black undercoat. A brown or gray tinge is undesirable.



This companion and house dog is considered lively, fearless, and adaptable. He is a loyal family dog, is considered very playful and easy on children, which not least shows his enormous affection. Perseverance and informality are hallmarks of this breed. Affenpinschers usually get along well with other dogs.


The Affenpinscher is bred worldwide according to three slightly different breed standards (FCI, KC , AKC ). In Germany, the Pinscher-Schnauzer-Klub is recognized by the Association for German Dogs as a breed breeding association in 1895 and is therefore responsible for the FCI standard of the breed because Germany is the origin of the breed. The litters are mostly small, but there are exceptions. Usually between two and four pups are born per litter. With 33 puppies that were littered in 2017 in the Association for the German Dog Society (19 in 2016), the Affenpinscher is one of the rare breeds.


  • Gabriele Lehari: Ulmer's large lexicon of dog breeds. Eugen Ulmer Verlag, Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-8001-4614-2 .

Web links

Commons : Affenpinscher  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Affenpinscher  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. puppy statistics of the VDH.