Rattlers are small to medium-sized dogs that were originally used as rat catchers. They were kept as stable dogs to keep the house and yard free of rodents such as rats and mice . Dog breeds that emerged from these working dogs are also referred to as rattlers, regardless of whether they are kept as stable dogs or used as pied pies.
In a narrower sense, the name can refer to the German Pinscher , for which Stallpinscher or Rattler were often used synonymously. But even the dogs, from which the Austrian Shorthair Pinscher breed later emerged (from 1923) , were only referred to as rattlers until the beginning of the 20th century in Austria after their use.
The following are or have been used as rattlers: Small terriers such as the Jack Russell Terrier , the Parson Russell Terrier , the Prague Rattler , the Rat Terrier or the Yorkshire Terrier , small pinschers and schnauzers , the Affenpinscher , Hollandse Smoushond or the Spanish Ratonero - Races.
Jaroslav Hašek , who was a dog dealer himself, created a literary memorial to the ratter (or stable pinscher) through his dog-dealing protagonist Schwejk . The Rattler is also mentioned in Franz Kafka's posthumous writings (NSF I 412).
- Leonhard Hoffmann : The book of healthy and sick dogs. Perles, Vienna 1901, p. 351 ff. (Online at: archive.org ) (Reprint: 2012, ISBN 978-3-8457-2096-8 )
- Ludwig Beckmann : History and description of the breeds of the dog. Volume 2: Third Part. Domestic, farm and shepherd dogs, rattleless dogs. Friedrich Vieweg and Son, Braunschweig 1895, p. 152 ff. (Online at: archive.org )
- Otto Friedrich: The noble dog's rearing, care, training and treatment of its diseases. Zahna 1889, p. 72 f. (online at: archive.org ) (Reprint: 2012, ISBN 978-3-8457-4593-0 )
- Kohn, F. Gr .: Constancy of form without pure breeding in domestic dogs. In: Zoological yearbooks: Department for general zoology and physiology of animals. Volume 33, G. Fischer, Jena 1913, p. 20 f. (online at: archive.org )
^ Emil Hauck : The Austrian short-haired pinscher. In: Our dogs. Vol. 41 (1964), No. 4, pp. 3-4.
- Reproduced from Katharina Wetzstein: Austrian Pinscher - disease profile and influence of the inbreeding coefficient on the litter size. Diploma thesis from the Department of Biomedical Sciences at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna. Vienna 2009, pp. 2–3.
- ↑ VDH: Prague Ratter. History.
- ↑ Jaroslav Hašek: The adventures of the good soldier Schwejk . Structure Digital, Berlin 2010, ISBN 3-8412-0072-9 .
- ↑ Malte Kleinwort: Kafka's method. Literature, the individual and society in the vicinity of Kafka's letters to Milena . Königshausen & Neumann, 2004, ISBN 3-8260-2694-2 , p. 146.
- Rattler . In: Brockhaus' Kleines Konversations-Lexikon . 5th edition. Volume 2, F. A. Brockhaus, Leipzig 1911, p. 494 .