|FCI Standard No. 184
|List of domestic dogs
Origin and history
Since pedigree dog breeding began in Germany around 100 years ago, the pinschers have hardly changed. HG Reichenbach already reported in 1836 about the "smooth pinscher " who, as a "nice dog breed" in Germany, replaced the pug . In Beckmann (1894), the smooth-and wire-haired Pinscher, are now Schnauzer named, described; Even here the smooth-haired pinschers are much rarer than the wire-haired siblings (both variants could fall in one litter ). In the 1950s Werner Jung tried to preserve the breed and helped it to flourish again. In 1958 a litter was reported for the first time after an eight-year break. The breeds, which have now been separated, are still listed together in the Pinscher-Schnauzer-Club 1895 . The smaller version of the German Pinscher is the Miniature Pinscher (or Rehpinscher).
Little is known about the exact origin of the German Pinscher. There has been a dispute since the century before last as to whether pinschers and schnauzers descend from English terriers or vice versa. Pinschers were often kept to exterminate predatory items as well as rats and mice and were soon to be found on every farm as stable and carriage dogs at the turn of the century. This is where local names such as Stallpinscher and Rattler come from . As rattlers, the pinschers were supposed to feed themselves to a large extent. The stable dogs were not allowed to stray, so a selection was made on the property of loyalty to the territory. Larger, wire-haired pinschers played an important role in the wagoners. As long as the pinscher was on the wagon, the drivers could be absent. Nobody dared to touch horse and cart.
In 2003 the German Pinscher and the Spitz were declared an endangered domestic animal breed.
Pinschers are 45 to 50 cm tall and weigh 14 to 20 kg. They have short and thick hair that is smooth and shiny, in the colors lacquer black with red markings or pure red (about 20% of dogs). The hinged ears are set high, V-shaped, the inner edges of the ears lie against the cheeks, turned forward.
The German Pinscher is a breed that has only a few breeding-related hereditary diseases . In addition to the examination for hip dysplasia (compulsory), there are also other voluntary preventive examinations in breeding such as hereditary eye diseases, dilute (color fading) and Von Willebrand disease .
According to the German Animal Welfare Act, the ears (since 1987) and the tail (since 1998) may not be docked . Some German pinschers struggle with what is known as the edge of the ear problem. In pinschers, the ears are only thinly covered with fur and the edges of the ears are very thin. This can quickly injure the dog at the edge of the ear.
Today the pinscher is an adaptable family dog that seems suitable for both active city dwellers and life on the farm. Even today, strangers cannot enter his property unnoticed, the pinscher strikes without being a yapper. The desire to hunt is individually more or less pronounced, as is the tendency to independently explore the district. He is an economical barker, very attentive, quiet in the apartment, but very spirited outside. Benign character, playfulness, endurance and resilience speak for its versatility. The Pinscher can be used both as a riding companion dog and in dog sports , for example in agility .
Pinschers are quick learners and are adaptable, versatile, and "practical" dogs. A high level of self-confidence is desired in this breed and is also reflected in a corresponding behavior towards the owner.
Sources and further links
- Hans Räber : Encyclopedia of the pedigree dogs. Origin, history, breeding goals, suitability and use. Volume 1: Farmers, shepherds and cattle dogs, shepherds, mastiff-like dogs, pinscher-like dogs, spitz-like dogs, Nordic dogs, Schensi dogs, dwarf dogs, poodles, Dalmatians. Franckh-Kosmos, Stuttgart 1993, ISBN 3-440-06555-3 , p. 472: The German Pinscher. An old breed.
- Eva-Maria Krämer: Schnauzer and Pinscher: keeping, care and education . Landbuch-Verlag, Hannover 1993, ISBN 3-7842-1217-4 .