Agbéyomé Messan Kodjo

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Agbéyomé Messan Kodjo (2012)

Agbéyomé Messan Kodjo (born October 12, 1954 in Tokpli ) is a Togolese politician who was Prime Minister of his country from August 2000 to June 2002.


From 1988 to 1991, Kodjo was Minister for Culture, Youth and Sport under President Gnassingbé Eyadéma . Under Prime Minister Joseph Kokou Koffigoh , he became Minister of Home Affairs and Security in September 1992, but Koffigoh dismissed him and Benjamin Agbéka , Minister of Communication and Culture and also a member of the presidential Rassemblement du peuple togolais (RPT) party, in November. Kodjo and Agbéka, with the support of Eydéma, refused to be released until February 1993, unseen of the protests against them and of Koffigoh's intention to bring the matter to the Togolese constitutional court.

From 1993 to 1999, Kodjo was General Manager of Lomé Free Port . After he was elected to the National Assembly in the 1999 elections , he became its President in June 1999. On August 29, 2000, he was appointed Prime Minister by President Eyadéma, replacing Eugene Koffi Adoboli , who had lost a vote of confidence.

On August 30, 2001, Kodjo announced a constitutional amendment aimed at by the government, which should allow dictator Eyadéma a third term after the 2003 presidential election . He later said he personally declined the announcement. During his tenure as prime minister there was speculation about a possible successor to Kodjo as president in the event of the resignation of Eyadéma, nevertheless he and Eyadéma got into a conflict and Kodjo was dismissed as prime minister on June 27, 2002. The reason given was officially internal party differences within the RPT. In an article in the weekly Le Scorpion , Kodjo sharply criticized the Eyadema government. Kodjo's successor as Prime Minister was Koffi Sama .

Kodjo left the country in July 2002 and went into exile in France . He was wanted in court for insulting the president and disrupting public order. The RPT excluded him in August 2002.

After Eyadéma's death, Kodjo returned to Togo on April 8, 2005, where he was initially arrested for embezzlement during his time as port manager. In September 2005 he founded a new party, the Alliance Démocratique pour la Patrie . In 2007, his candidacy as President of the Togolese Football Association failed . In August 2008, Kodjo announced that he would run for the organization pour bâtir dans l'union un Togo solidaire (OBUTS) in the 2010 presidential election , but withdrew his candidacy before the election. However, his name was still on the ballot papers, and he received just under one percent of the vote.

In February 2020, Kodjo ran for the presidential election and took second place behind Faure Gnassingbé , a son of Eyadema , with around 19.5% of the vote . Kodjo was arrested on April 21, 2020. He was accused of disrupting state security because he had called himself a "democratically elected president" on several occasions. He was also accused of illegally using state emblems. The country's Supreme Court upheld Gnassingbé's election victory - but Kodjo stuck to his account.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Togo opposition threatens fight , BBC News , August 31, 2001 (English).
  2. Franck Ekon: Interview de Agbéyomé Kodjo ancien Premier Ministre de la République togolaise ( Memento of 8 May 2005 at the Internet Archive ) ,, 1 January 2003 (French).
  3. Ebow Godwin: Has Eyadema Now Found a Successor? , Ghanaian Chronicle (, August 14, 2003.
  4. Kodjo favorable à une presidential à two tours. of March 4, 2009, accessed April 23, 2020 (French).
  5. ^ Togo opposition chief arrested for declaring himself president. of April 23, 2020, accessed on April 23, 2020.
  6. Opposition leader arrested in Togo: "Everything turned upside down" , , April 21, 2020.