The word academic is derived from the name of the ancient Greek hero Akademos . Today it has several meanings. It usually describes teaching and research activities at universities , less often activities at academies .
In addition, an academic question is a problem whose solution has little or no practical relevance.
The various meanings of the term "academic" are shown using a few typical examples:
- Academic teaching - teaching by universities in the tertiary education sector (these award academic degrees ) - in contrast to vocational academies , technical schools and other schools
- academic research - as opposed to industrial research
- Academic degree - the best-known include diplomas such as engineering or business administration , Magister , Master , Bachelor or Doctorate
- Academic celebration - for the award of diplomas and awards, usually in the presence of the rector , his representative and high officials - for doctorates , graduation , awarding of honorary doctorates ; also: special form of a festival, for example by associations or institutions
- academic fraternities - associations of students and graduates
- Academic quarter - a quarter of an hour "delayed" the start of a course, originally intended as travel time between scattered institutes (see academic time )
- further special rights, duties and customs of prospective and graduated academics
- as academic art, rather critical in the sense of a somewhat schooled and conservative formal language
- academic freedom - a term that encompasses a set of freedoms and responsibilities for universities, their teachers, university administrators and students.
- Josef Pieper : What does academic mean? Or the functionary and the sophist . Kösel-Verlag, Munich 1952.