Albrecht Gotze

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Albrecht Ernst Rudolf Götze (also Albrecht Goetze ; born January 11, 1897 in Leipzig , † August 15, 1971 in Schloss Elmau near Garmisch-Partenkirchen ) was a German ancient orientalist .


Götze grew up as the son of the neurologist Rudolf Götze and Elsa Römmler, first in Naunhof near Leipzig and later in Darmstadt. He took part in the First World War and was wounded three times. In 1918 he began studying linguistics in Berlin and Heidelberg, which he completed in Heidelberg in 1921 with a doctorate on "Relative Chronology of Phonetic Appearances in Italic". He then worked as an assistant at the Oriental and Linguistic Seminar in Heidelberg. In 1922 he completed his habilitation there. He was then a private lecturer and from 1927 ao. Professor until he was appointed full professor for Semitic languages ​​and ancient oriental studies in Marburg in 1930. At that time he was mainly concerned with the Hittites .

Before the "seizure of power" Götze had distributed leaflets against the Nazis, in 1933 he was placed under surveillance and in November 1933 dismissed under the law to restore the civil service . In the winter semester of 1933/34 he was given leave of absence for academic work abroad and accepted teaching assignments in Copenhagen and Oslo, while his family stayed in Germany.

In 1934 he came to Yale University at the invitation of Edgar H. Sturtevant . After that, according to Finkelstein's obituary, he decided never to publish in German again. He was able to bring his family to America and in 1940 took American citizenship. At Yale he was initially a “Visiting Professor” until 1936, when he took over the William Laffan Professorship for Assyriology and Babylonian Literature . In 1956 he received the Sterling Professorship , the highest academic honor Yale has to bestow. In 1947 he became head of the Baghdad department of the American Schools of Oriental Research . Goetze retired in 1965. Since 1951 he was a member of the American Philosophical Society . In 1970 he became a corresponding member of the British Academy .

One of his areas of interest was the history of the Hittites . After his emigration, he mainly dealt with Akkadian and Babylonian history.

Fonts (selection)

  • Asia Minor during the Hittite Period. A geographic study. Winter, Heidelberg 1924.
  • The Hittite Empire. Hinrichs, Leipzig 1928.
  • Asia Minor. In: Handbook of Ancient Studies . CH Beck, Munich 1933, 3rd section, 1st part, 3rd volume, 3rd section, 1st subsection. (2nd revised edition 1957; reprint 1974)
  • Hittites, Churrites and Assyrians. Instituttet for Sammenlignende Kulturforskning, Series A: Forelesninger XVII. Oslo 1936.
  • Remarks on the Lists from Alalakh IV. In: Journal of Cuneiform Studies. 13, pp. 63-64 (1959).
  • The Kassites and near Eastern Chronology. In: Journal of Cuneiform Studies. 18 (1964) pp. 97-101.


  • Jacob J. Finkelstein: Albrecht Goetze, 1897–1971. In: Journal of the American Oriental Society. 92: 197-203 (1972).
  • Inge Auerbach: Catalogus professorum academiae Marburgensis . Second volume: From 1910 to 1971 . Elwert, Marburg 1979, pp. 505-506.
  • Harald Maier-Metz: Reason for dismissal: pacifism. Albrecht Götze, the Gumbel case and the University of Marburg 1930–1946 . Volume 13, Academia Marburgensis, 2015, ISBN 978-3-8309-3193-5 .

Web links

supporting documents

  1. Member History: Albrecht Goetze. American Philosophical Society, accessed August 23, 2018 .
  2. ^ Deceased Fellows. British Academy, accessed June 2, 2020 .
  3. ^ New publications on two important personalities at Philipps University in the 19th and 20th centuries , accessed May 27, 2015.