Alfons M. Duration

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Alfons Michael Dauer (born April 16, 1921 in Bamberg ; † October 27, 2010 in Graz ) was a German musicologist and ethnologist .

From 1941, Dauer studied musicology, English and ethnology (African studies) in Erlangen , Cologne and Mainz . In 1960 he received his doctorate in Mainz (ethnogenesis of the Mangbetu ). He went on research trips to Ghana , Zimbabwe and Senegal . From 1965 to 1976 he was head of the ethnology section at the Institute for Scientific Film in Göttingen , where he was in charge of editing over 400 ethnomusic films. From 1976 to 1991 he held the professorship for Afro-American studies at the University of Music and Performing Arts Graz .

Duration is particularly known for examining the African roots of African American music (such as jazz, blues), as set out in his book The Jazz - Its Origins and Development , first published in 1956. He was co-editor of Knaur's Jazz Lexikon (1957). In 1969 he helped found the International Society for Jazz Research in Graz .


  • Jazz - its origins and its development , Erich Röth Verlag, Kassel 1977 (first edition 1956)
  • with Stephen Longstreet Knaurs Jazz Lexikon , Munich 1957 (further edition 1959)
  • Studies on ethnogenesis at the Mangbetu Mainz 1960 (dissertation)
  • Jazz - the magical music Bremen, Carl Schünemann Verlag 1961
  • How the blues is sung in Janheinz Jahn (Ed.) Blues und Worksongs , Fischer Bücherei 1964
  • Improvisation - about spontaneous design in jazz , Jazzforschung Vol. 1, Vienna 1970
  • "Southwest Europe, Andalusia. Flamenco gitano." - Encyclopedia Cinematographica (Ed .: G [otthard] Wolf ). Göttingen: Institute for Scientific Film 1971.
  • On the syntagmatic of ethnographic documentary films . Vienna-Föhrenau, Stiglmayr 1980
  • Blues from 100 years, 43 examples of the typology of vocal blues forms. Texts and sheet music with accompanying chords , Fischer paperback 1983, ISBN 3-596-22952-9
  • Kinesis and Katharsis - on the interpretation of African rhythms and musical landscapes in Africa in Artur Simon (Ed.) Music in Africa , Berlin 1983
  • Tradition of African wind orchestras and the development of jazz , contributions to jazz research, Vol. 7, Graz, Academic Printing and Publishing Company 1985
  • Ragtime - draft of a genesis and a musical development history , Jazzforschung Vol. 18, 1986


  • Bernd Hoffmann , Helmut Rösing (Hrsg.): .. and jazz does not last - aspects of Afro-American music , Coda Musikverlag, Graz 1998 (Festschrift for the 75th birthday)
  • Reclam's Jazz Lexicon

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