Alfred Alexandrovich Parland
Alfred Alexandrowitsch Parland ( Russian Альфред Александрович Парланд , born December 12, 1842 in Saint Petersburg , † 1919 in Petrograd ) was a Russian architect . Among other things, he planned to build the Church of the Resurrection in Saint Petersburg .
Parland came from a German-Baltic - Scottish family who had been in the service of the Tsar at Peterhof Palace since around 1800 . First he studied at the St. Petersburg 4th grammar school, then at the Stuttgart Polytechnic School and studied from 1862 at the Russian Art Academy . During his training he was awarded five medals for his drawings and architecture .
After completion of academic study in 1871 he received a spike on the competition design Orthodox cemetery, the Grand Gold Medal and the right to travel to "foreign country" in the form of a grant from the Academy, but by the construction of the Church of the Resurrection in the Trinity Hermitage near Petersburg were delayed. The construction of this temple in the Byzantine style was commissioned to the young builder according to his own project design after graduating from the academy.
After finally being able to travel abroad, Parland visited Italy and other European countries to study architectural monuments. After his return to Saint Petersburg in 1880, he was awarded the title of member of the Russian Art Academy for the plans and drawings made during the trip and in 1892 he was appointed professor at the Art Academy. For the next decade, Parland lectured on architecture in ancient Greece and Rome .
In addition to the Holy Trinity Hermitage mentioned above, the following church building projects in Parland are worth mentioning:
- Church of the Mother of God , donated by NI Bobrikow in Novgorod Governorate
- Church of St. Theodora , donated by Rakeyev in Smolensk Governorate
- Church of Our Lady Assumption in Heaven in Opochka in the Pskov governorate
- Fundamental reconstruction of the Znamenski church in the old Peterhof
In Saint Petersburg he created the ensemble of buildings of the Church of the Resurrection in a uniform style, such as the enclosure of the Mikhailov Garden (1903-1907), the chapel, the sacristy and the residential wing of the church (1906-1907). Parland also designed a villa on Kuibyshev Street, number 25 (1874). He also planned the construction of the funerary monuments of:
- E. Parland in the Smolensk Lutheran Cemetery (1870)
- WN Hitrowo in the St. Nicholas Cemetery (1915)
Church of the Resurrection
Alfred Parland created a sacred building in the old Russian style between 1883 and 1907 , based on the St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow . Based on templates by the Russian painters Wasnezow , Nesterow and Rjabuschkin , mosaics were created for the external and especially internal design of the building, which cover a total area of 400 m 2 . The floor plan of the church is in the shape of a cross with a bell tower on the west side of the building. Parland let modern engineering knowledge flow into the construction. Concrete foundations were poured instead of the usual stone-sand foundations and wooden piles. A constant temperature inside was made possible by heating systems.
- Karl Schlögel, Frithjof Benjamin Schenk , Markus Ackeret, Saint Petersburg: Schauplätze einer Stadtgeschichte , pp. 100-102, Campus Verlag 2007, ISBN 978-3-593-38321-7
- Зодчие Санкт-Петербурга. XIX - начало XX века / сост. В. Г. Исаченко; ред. Ю. Артемьева, С. Прохватилова. - СПб .: Лениздат, 1998. - 1070 с.
- Кириков Б. М. Храм Воскресения Христова. (К истории "русского стиля" в Петербурге), Невский архив. М.-Спб., 1993. С. 204-245.
- Karl Schlögel, Frithjof Benjamin Schenk , Markus Ackeret, St. Petersburg: Schauplätze einer Stadtgeschichte , p. 100
- Karl Schlögel, Frithjof Benjamin Schenk, Markus Ackeret, St. Petersburg: Schauplätze einer Stadtgeschichte , p. 101
|SURNAME||Parland, Alfred Alexandrovich|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Парланд, Альфред Александрович (Russian)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Russian architect|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 12, 1842|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||St. Petersburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||1919|
|Place of death||Petrograd|