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Opotschka is the administrative center of the raion of the same name .
The nearest railway station is Pustoschka 60 km southeast, on the railway line Moscow - Riga opened on this section in 1901 . The M20 trunk road runs through Opotschka from Saint Petersburg to Newel and on via Belarus to the Ukraine ( Kiev , Odessa ).
coat of arms
Description: Blue with increased green sign foot divided shield a silver tapering stone stack of six rows.
Opotschka was first mentioned in 1414 in the Pskov Chronicle as a new southern border fortress in place of 1406 by troops of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas fortress Koloscha . The name was probably derived from the word opoka , which in Russian today stood for a light pebble , originally also for other light stones such as chalk or alabaster .
In 1426 Opotschka defied another siege by Lithuanian troops and in 1427 a siege by the Teutonic Order . In 1517 the fortress resisted a Polish-Lithuanian siege under Konstantin Ostroschski . In the time of Livonian War (1558-1583) was home to a large Opochka Strelets - garrison .
In 1777 Opotschka was granted city rights as the administrative center of a district (Ujesds). In the 18th and 19th centuries, the city developed into one of the most important craft and trade centers in the Pskov governorate , where famous annual markets were held.
During the Second World War , Opotschka was occupied by the German Wehrmacht on July 8, 1941 and recaptured on July 15, 1944 by troops of the 2nd Baltic Front of the Red Army as part of the Reschiza-Dvinsk operation .
Note: census data
Culture and sights
In Opotschka the earth wall of the fortress from the 15th century has been preserved, as well as administration and prison buildings from the second half of the 18th century and multi-storey merchant houses and warehouses from the mid-19th century.
In the vicinity of the city was the Petrovskaja mysa ( Петровская мыза ) called picture weaving and carpet manufacture of the Russian Tsar's court, from which a converted palace from the 18th century has been preserved.
In Opotschka there are companies in the textile and food industries as well as in the construction and wood industries.
- Opochka , in: Guy Miron (Ed.): The Yad Vashem encyclopedia of the ghettos during the Holocaust . Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2009 ISBN 978-965-308-345-5 , p. 549
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)