Alpes Graiae was the name of a Roman province . It was named after the Little Saint Bernard , whom the Romans called Alpis Graia . The area around the Little Saint Bernard is still called Alpes Grées ( Graian Alps ) today . The center of the province was Axima in Latin also Forum Claudii Ceutronum , today's Aime- en-Tarentaise. The most important Celtic tribe in the area were the Ceutrons .
Alpes Graiae was administered by Emperor Claudius imperial province under a procurator , and often together with Alpes Poeninae , today's Valais (the Great Saint Bernard was then Alpis Poeninae , the valley north of it called Vallis Poeninae ). From the end of the 2nd century to the end of the 3rd century, the province was then referred to as Alpes Atrectionae (after a mountain range in the south of the province). The province essentially comprised the eastern part of today's French. Department of Savoie . Its main task was to protect the roads from Eporedia ( Ivrea ) via the Little Saint Bernard to the Isère valley .
- Gerold Walser : Via per Alpes Graias. Contributions to the history of the Little St. Bernhard Pass in Roman times (= Historia individual writings. Issue 48). Franz Steiner, Stuttgart 1986, ISBN 3-515-04541-4 .
- Marie-Thérèse Raepsaet-Charlier : Gaul and Germania. In: Claude Lepelley (Ed.): Rome and the Empire in the High Imperial Age 44 BC. BC – 260 AD Volume 2: The regions of the empire. KG Saur, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-598-77449-4 , p. 151-210, here p. 172 f. (New edition, Nikol Verlag, Hamburg 2006, ISBN 978-3-937872-28-5 , p. 217) (brief overview).
- Information about Alpes Graiae et Poeninae on imperium-romanum.info
- Geographical classification on roman-empire.net