At the Kothen

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At the Kothen
City of Wuppertal
Coordinates: 51 ° 14 ′ 31 ″  N , 7 ° 6 ′ 35 ″  E
Height : 170 m above sea level NHN
Am Kothen (Wuppertal)
At the Kothen

Location of Am Kothen in Wuppertal

Am Kothen was a location in the west of the Bergisch metropolis of Wuppertal , Elberfeld district , which consisted of two residential spaces and emerged from old courtyards. The name Am Kothen is mostly no longer in the minds of the population as an independent name for this location; the courtyard rooms and the associated agricultural areas are now part of the Wuppertal Zoo and the neighboring villa district.

The current residential area of Kothen is located further east in Unterbarmen.

Location and description

The location is at an altitude of 170  m above sea level. NHN opposite the entrance area of ​​the Wuppertal Zoo on today's Herthstrasse corner Hubertusallee in the Zoo residential area in the Elberfeld-West district . Neighboring locations are Oben vorm Steeg , Vollmerhausen and Kaisersbusch , which are also incorporated into the urban development .

Etymology and history

Section of the Topographia Ducatus Montani

Kothen is a form of Kotten and denotes a smaller yard.

On the Topographia Ducatus Montani by Erich Philipp Ploennies from 1715, Hof H.Kot is listed, to the south of it was Hof F.Kot . In 1815/16 there were 36 inhabitants in Am Kothen.

In 1832 Am Kothen belonged to the Pickartsberger Rotte of the rural outskirts of the parish and the city of Elberfeld . The place, categorized as Kotten according to the statistics and topography of the Düsseldorf administrative district , was referred to as aufm Kothen and at that time had four residential buildings and six agricultural buildings. At that time there were 22 people living in the village, all of them Protestant faith.

In the late 19th century, the two courtyards at Am Kothen were far away from urban development in a rural area. The southern Hof Am Kothen was originally owned by a Breitfeld who sold it in 1843 to his Elberfeld friends Friedrich Wilhelm Ulenberg and Friedrich Freshness . They used the yard as a summer house. After their death, their sons-in-law August Neuburg and August Von der Heydt inherited the property. In 1879 they sold the estate with manor house and around 45 acres of land to the zoo society, who built the Wuppertal zoo on the site from 1879 to 1881.

A building from the master builder Johann Friedrich Below Schrievers from 1836 has been preserved from this residential area , it was the country house of the Elberfeld entrepreneur Meckel . It was redesigned around 1850 and received a classicist facade on two sides. It was then integrated into the zoo and served as the home and office of the zoo directors.

The northern Hof Am Kothen was owned by a family pancake whose sons Peter and August pancakes the grounds of the architects Hermann & Riemann sold that the environment of the zoo in 1893 as Zooviertel to a colony of villas with private station developed. The courtyard buildings were demolished and the courtyard area made accessible by laying out geometric plan streets.

The old zoo bridge , which connected the zoo district with the road network, was previously called the Kothener bridge .

Individual evidence

  1. Johann Georg von Viebahn : Statistics and Topography of the Administrative District of Düsseldorf , 1836
  2. a b Markus Arndt: The zoo district in Wuppertal as an example of the planning and development of a Wilhelminian style villa district . Wuppertal 1999, (Wuppertal, University dissertation).
  3. ^ Ruth Meyer-Kahrweg : Architects, civil engineers, builders, property developers and their buildings in Wuppertal. Pies, Wuppertal 2003, ISBN 3-928441-52-3
  4. Ulrich Schürer : 125 Years of the Wuppertal Zoological Garden , 2006, Sutton Verlag, Erfurt, ISBN 978-3-86680-004-5
  5. Entry in the Wuppertal monument list