Anthony Wallace (anthropologist)

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Anthony Francis Clarke Wallace (born April 15, 1923 in Toronto , Canada ; † October 5, 2015 in Ridley Park , United States ) was a Canadian-American anthropologist and historian who, on the one hand, focused on the cultures of the Indians of North America (especially the Iroquois ) specialized and, on the other hand, was known for his analysis of acculturation under the influence of technological change .

Anthony FC Wallace is the son of historian Paul Wallace and grew up in Toronto. He received his doctorate in 1950 from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia , where he held a chair from 1951 to 1988. In 1963 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences , 1969 to the American Philosophical Society and 1973 to the National Academy of Sciences . His research combines knowledge of cultural anthropology with psychology . For a while he was also director of clinical research at the Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute .

His most important work, Rockdale: The Growth of an American Village in the Early Industrial Revolution (1978 - Rockdale: The Growth of an American Village in the Early Industrial Revolution ) is a psycho-anthropological story of the industrial revolution . Wallace examined the cultural aspects of the cognitive process with special consideration of the transfer of information in connection with technological developments.

Other priority publications deal with the Indian religions of North America, from which he derived a theory of revitalization movements (see, for example, Pan-Indianism ) .

Wallace's typology of religions, which is based on a division into four cult forms, is also known.

Wallace died on October 5, 2015 in Ridley Park, Pennsylvania , where he was last resident.


  • King of the Delawares: Teedyuscung, 1700-1763. (1949).
  • The Modal Personality Structure of the Tuscarora Indians, as Revealed by the Rorschach Test. US Government Printing Office, Washington 1952.
  • Culture and Personality. Random House, New York 1961, revised 1970.
  • Religion: An Anthropological View. (1966).
  • Death and Rebirth of the Seneca. Random House, New York 1970.
  • Alfred A. Knopf (Ed.): Rockdale: The growth of an American village in the early industrial revolution. New York (1978).
  • The Social Context of Innovation. (1982).
  • St. Clair: A Nineteenth-Century Coal Town's Experience with a Disaster-Prone Industry. (1987).
  • The Long, Bitter Trail: Andrew Jackson and the Indians. Hill and Wang, New York 1993.
  • "Jefferson and the Indians: The Tragic Fate of the First Americans." MA: Belknap / Harvard, Cambridge 1999.
  • Tuscarora: A History . Albany, NY: SUNY Press, New York 2012.
  • Commentary: 'Growing Up Indian': Childhood and the Survival of Nations. " Ethos (Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology) Issue 41 (4) 2013: p. 337-340.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Anthony FC Wallace, Canadian-American anthropologist , Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed May 4, 2016
  2. Anthony FC Wallace , on, accessed May 4, 2016.

Web links