Asch (Egyptian mythology)
|Ash in hieroglyphics|
The earliest tangible mentions of this deity can be found on clay seals from the reign of the early Egyptian king Peribsen ( 2nd dynasty ). There he can usually be seen in anthropomorphic form, his name is always added in hieroglyphs .
Otherwise, Asch is only sporadically documented in the history of Egypt, he is mentioned in the pyramid temple of Sahure ( 5th dynasty ) near Abusir , again in a temple scene from the Saïten period ( 26th dynasty ).
He is shown in human form with the bird-like face of Seth , which can lead to confusion. That is why his name was always added to hieroglyphics, and Asch often carries his name on a standard in front of him. Already under Seth-Peribsen, Asch can be seen mainly in human form. He also wears the White Crown of Upper Egypt . He was also assimilated to other Egyptian desert gods, e.g. B. the Westland god Ha , the Libyan Horus and in the late period the god Seth ( Edfu ).
Meaning and cult
Asch is considered the "Lord of Libya" and god of the western desert ( Sahara ), including the oases. So he was not only god of the barren desert, but also god of fertile oases. In his worship as a desert god, the connection to Seth arose very early. Since nebuti ("The Nebut of Ombos") was an epithet of Asch, he was apparently an original deity of Ombos, a later cult center of Seth.
- Richard H. Wilkinson : The world of the gods in ancient Egypt. Faith - Power - Mythology. Theiss, Stuttgart 2003, ISBN 3-8062-1819-6 , p. 98.
- Hans Bonnet : Lexicon of the Egyptian religious history. Nikol, Hamburg 2000, ISBN 3-937872-08-6 , p. 55.