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Behind the village of Djúpivogur

Behind the village of Djúpivogur

height 1069  m
location Eastern Iceland
Coordinates 64 ° 41 ′ 45 ″  N , 14 ° 25 ′ 24 ″  W Coordinates: 64 ° 41 ′ 45 ″  N , 14 ° 25 ′ 24 ″  W
Búlandstindur (Iceland)
rock basalt
Seen from Djúpivogur

From Djúpivogur seen from

seen from the east side of the fjord

seen from the east side of the fjord

Template: Infobox Berg / Maintenance / BILD1
Template: Infobox Berg / Maintenance / BILD2

The Búlandstindur is a mountain in East Iceland with a height of 1069 m. It stands on the west bank of the Berufjörður fjord and is easily visible from Djúpivogur .

Origin of the mountain

What is striking about the mountain is its pyramid shape . It clearly consists of almost horizontal layers of different thicknesses.

The mountain consists mainly of basalt layers. In between, several layers of sediment made of sand, clay and earth have pushed themselves in, partly interspersed with remains of vegetation (layers of charcoal).

The basalt layers are about 6 to 7 million years old and come from two different central volcanoes, the lower from the Álftafjörður volcano, which was located south of Búlandstindur, the upper from the Breiðdals volcano . This was in the northwest of the mountain.

About three million years ago when the glaciers of the Ice Age rested on Iceland, ranged glaciers in the cold periods down to the sea and filled the valleys of today's fjords Álftafjörður and Berufjörður out. The mountain protruded from these glaciers as a nunatak . In addition, smaller valley glaciers scraped behind him, so that the glacier erosion affected him from all sides. The landscape of that time can be imagined as something like that in East Greenland.


At a height of about 600 m you can see a clearly wide step on the Búlandstindur. This is called Goðaþrep , the stage of the gods, or Goðaborg , the rock of the gods. It is said that, similar to the Goðafoss , the waterfall in the north of the country, the old images of gods were thrown down here after Christianization in the year 1000.

See also

Web links

Commons : Búlandstindur  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Íslandshandbókin. 2. bindi. 1989, p. 615
  2. cf. z. B. Ari Trausti Guðmundsson, Pétur Þórleifsson: Islensk fjöll. Gönguleiðir á 151 tind. Reykjavík, 2004, p. 38f.
  3. cf. z. B. Vegahandbókin. Ed. Landmælingar Íslands. 2006, p. 108