Bafing


from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bafing
Mungo Park crossed the Bafing over a suspension bridge around 1796

Mungo Park crossed the Bafing over a suspension bridge around 1796

Data
location Guinea-aGuinea Guinea Mali
MaliMali 
River system Senegal
Drain over Senegal  → Atlantic
source In the mountains of Fouta Djallon , near the town of Mamou .
Source height about  800  m
confluence at Bafoulabé with the Bakoyé to Senegal Coordinates: 13 ° 48 ′ 43 ″  N , 10 ° 49 ′ 42 ″  W 13 ° 48 ′ 43 ″  N , 10 ° 49 ′ 42 ″  W.
Mouth height 92  m
Height difference about 708 m
Bottom slope about 0.89 ‰
length 800 km
Discharge at the Makana
A Eo gauge: 21,290 km²
MNQ 1960–2016
MQ 1960–2016
Mq 1960–2016
MHQ 1960–2016
HHQ (max. Month Ø)
0 l / s
242 m³ / s
11.4 l / (s km²)
915 m³ / s
1902 m³ / s
Left tributaries Tene , Kloma, Koeta
View of the Bafing from a pirogue just before the mouth

View of the Bafing from a pirogue just before the mouth

The Bafing ( Mande for "Black River") is an approximately 800 km long river in Guinea and Mali ( West Africa ), which forms the border between the two countries on a stretch of river . It is the longest source river in Senegal.

course

The river has its source in the 1537 m high mountain range of Fouta Djallon near the city of Mamou . It then flows north to Mali and joins at Bafoulabé with the Bakoyé to form Senegal .

Hydrometry

Average monthly flow of the Bafing measured at the hydrological station at Makana in m³ / s (values ​​read from the diagram).

Water management

Between 1982 and 1988 the Manantali dam was built near Manantali in Mali, which dams a reservoir almost the size of Lake Constance . The lake is used to regulate the water level in the river. It accumulates the water in the rainy season and continuously releases it again in the dry season, making Bafing and Senegal navigable all year round. In addition, there is always enough water available for irrigation of agriculture on the river.

Web links

Commons : Bafing  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Projet de Gestion lntegree des Ressources en Eau et de Developpement des Usages Multiples du Bassin du fleuve Senegal (PGIRE)
  2. ^ Future Climate Change Impacts on Streamflows of Two Main West Africa River Basins: Senegal and Gambia
  3. Atlas de l'eau du Massif du Fouta Djalon - Le Château d'eau de l'Afrique de l'Ouest Public Disclosure Authorized