Bargrennan's Tomb

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Bargrennan tomb White Cairn

The Bargrennan Tombs are a small group of megalithic complexes in Galloway and Ayrshire in south-west Scotland . They have elongated rectangular or trapezoidal chambers that are accessible via a corridor and are located exclusively in round cairns . In this respect, they are an intermediate form between the neighboring Clyde and Passage Tombs . Their earliest dates are in the 3rd millennium, although the data density is low in view of the few plants examined.

It is named after the White Cairn (also Glentrool) by Bargrennan, which Stuart Piggott (1910–1996) and TGE Powell (1916–1975) excavated in 1949 in a very short time. It was a badly disturbed oval cairn of about 17.6 by 15.3 m in diameter, in which the trapezoidal unit of passage and chamber merge into one another in an unstructured manner. In a follow-up examination carried out in 1999, a basalt block measuring 0.5 by 0.6 m and several smaller pieces of basalt were found under the system, of which it is not clear whether they were transported here or were part of the subsoil. A follow-up investigation revealed that the area around Cairnderry and Bargrennan was used as a burial ground in the Bronze Age .

Other plants of the type are e.g. B. Balmalloch , Bencallen Hill , Caves of Kilhern , Kirriemore and Water of Deugh and possibly The Druid's Graves on "Cuff Hill".


  • Vicky Cummings, Chris Fowler: From Cairn to Cemetery. An Archaeological Investigation of the Chambered Cairns and Early Bronze Age Mortuary Deposits at Cairnderry and Bargrennan White Cairn, south-west Scotland (= BAR. British Series. 434). Archaeopress, Oxford 2007, ISBN 978-1-4073-0039-9 .
  • Frances Lynch: Megalithic Tombs and Long Barrows in Britain . Shire, Princes Risborough 1997, ISBN 0-7478-0341-2 pp. 36, 40, 56 ( Shire archeology 73).
  • Jürgen E. Walkowitz: The megalithic syndrome. European cult sites of the Stone Age (= contributions to the prehistory and early history of Central Europe. Vol. 36). Beier & Beran, Langenweißbach 2003, ISBN 3-930036-70-3 .

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