Barnas Sears (born November 19, 1802 in Sandisfield , Massachusetts , † July 6, 1880 in Saratoga , New York ) was a Baptist theologian who taught in the United States and Germany . Under his leadership, the first German Baptist congregation was constituted in 1834 , which became the nucleus of almost all continental European Baptist churches.
Barnas Sears received his theological training at Brown University ( Providence / Rhode Island ) and at the Newton Theological Institute . After a time as a parish pastor, he qualified as a professor of linguistics in Hamilton . Guest professorships took him to France and Germany in 1834 . Here taught at the University of Halle .
During this time, Sears was through the agency also contacted the Hamburg circle around the from Varel derived businessman Johann Gerhard Oncken had formed. On April 22, 1834 , Barnas Sears baptized Oncken and six other members of his circle. Finally, under his chairmanship, the first German Baptist congregation was constituted , which became the nucleus of continental European Baptism. In memory of this event, Oncken nicknamed his son William Sears .
After returning to the United States, Sears was appointed professor of theology at the Newton Theological Institute in 1836 and was its rector a short time later until 1848 . He then worked in the education system of the state of Massachusetts until the Brown University in 1855 appointed him their 5th President and Professor of Ethics . In 1866 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences .
From 1874 to 1877, Barnas Sears was also President of the American Baptist Missionary Union and in this role supported above all the church development of German and European Baptists.
- The Life of Luther; with Special Reference to its Earlier Periods and the Opening Scenes of the Reformation , Philadelphia 1850
- Objections to public schools considered: remarks at the annual meeting of the trustees of the Peabody education fund , Boston 1875
- Frank Fornacon: Article Sears, Barnas, Prof. DD , in: Günter Balders (Ed.): One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism - 150 Years of Baptist Congregations in Germany , Wuppertal / Kassel 1984, p. 361, ISBN 3-7893- 7883-6
- Alvah Hovey: Barnas Sears. A Christian Educator. His Making and Work , New York 1902
- Hans Luckey : Johann Gerhard Oncken and the beginnings of German Baptism , Kassel 1934, p. 290
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Baptist theologian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 19, 1802|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Sandisfield , Massachusetts|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 6, 1880|
|Place of death||Saratoga , New York|