Almost all tours have their own classification for the best climbers. The first mountain ratings were introduced in 1933 at the Tour de France and the Giro d'Italia . The leading drivers in the mountain classification wear a special classification jersey . At the Tour it is the dotted , at the Giro the azure blue Maglia Azzurra , formerly green ( Maglia Verde ) and at the Vuelta a España the jersey color has changed frequently in recent years: it was red in 2005, orange from 2006 to 2009 and since 2010 it is white with blue dots.
The climbs and passes to be climbed on the individual stages are classified according to their degree of difficulty and their position in the race, and this classification is linked to a point system. The points are awarded to those drivers who are the first to master the respective climb. The categorization of the climbs and the awarding of points is determined solely by the respective organizer and is therefore not subject to any general formulas or tables. The World Cycling Association Union Cycliste Internationale gives the organizers the freedom to set up other evaluations based on sporting aspects - such as a mountain classification - in addition to the overall ranking and the team ranking , but leaves the design to the special regulations of the event.
Some one-day races also award a mountain rating to animate the race.
- List of the winners of the mountain ratings in major cycling tours
- Scoring (cycling)
- Mountain classification (Tour de France)
- Mountain classification (Giro d'Italia)
- Ralf Schröder, Lexikon Radsport , Göttingen 2005, p. 47
- UCI regulations for road cycling, there 2.6.013 "Classifications". uci.ch, accessed on July 28, 2015 (English).