Biblioteca Reale

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The so-called “ Self-Portrait of Leonardo da Vinci ”, around 1512, Biblioteca Reale, Turin.

The Biblioteca Reale di Torino ( Latin Bibliotheca Regia Taurinensis , German  Royal Library of Turin ) is a state, scientific library in the Italian city ​​of Turin . It is located in the building complex of the Royal Palace . The building was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997 as the former residence of the House of Savoy .


Leonardo da Vinci: “ Codex on Birds Flight ”, 1505, Biblioteca Reale, Turin.

The library was founded in 1837 when Turin was the capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia . It was donated on the initiative of King Carlo Alberto of Sardinia (1798–1849) to include his private library and the rare manuscripts from the collection of the House of Savoy . At the time of its establishment, the library already consisted of 112,000 volumes of printed works and more than 2,000 manuscripts.

Through further purchases, Carlo Alberto increased the holdings of the collection by 2000 drawings by old masters, including thirteen sheets by the Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519). Including the so-called “ Self-Portrait of Leonardo da Vinci ”, a study for the angel in the first version of the “ Madonna in the Rock Grotto ” and a study by Leonard for the angel in Verrocchio's “The Baptism of Christ”.

In 1893, during the reign of King Umberto I of Italy , the collection of Leonardo da Vinci works was supplemented by the “ Codex on Birds Flight ”, a bound collection of sheets of scientific writings, notes, sketches and drawings by the artist .

In a fire in the library in 1904, the part of the “ Turin-Milan Book of Hours ”, which was painted around 1400 and one of the most valuable illuminated manuscripts in the world, was destroyed. The remaining fragment with miniatures later came to Turin from Milan, but to the Museo Civico .

Today the library has over 200,000 volumes, 4500 manuscripts, 3055 drawings, 187  incunabula , over 5000 prints from the 16th century, 1500 documents and collections of maps, engravings and prints.

See also

Web links

Commons : Biblioteca Reale (Turin)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Julius Petzholdt : Neuer Anzeiger für Bibliographie und Bibliothekwissenschaft . Schönfeld, Dresden 1860, p. 176 f.
  2. ^ Friedrich Wilhelm Schubert : Handbook of the general political science of Europe: The Italian states Naples and Sicily, Sardinia, the Papal States, Toscana, Parma, Modena, Lucca and S. Marino . Volume 1, Part 4, Bornträger Brothers, Königsberg 1839, p. 312.
  3. a b Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali ( Memento of the original from December 16, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (Italian)  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. Aylie Lonmon: Turin and the surrounding area . DuMont Reiseverlag, Ostfildern 2005, p. 92 f, ISBN 3-7701-6314-1 .
  5. ^ Ingo F. Walther, Norbert Wolf : Codices illustres. The most beautiful illuminated manuscripts in the world. 400 to 1600 . In: Masterpieces of Illumination . Taschen, Cologne u. a. 2005, pp. 239-241, ISBN 3-8228-4747-X .

Coordinates: 45 ° 4 ′ 19.8 ″  N , 7 ° 41 ′ 7.8 ″  E