Bombarde (gun)

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Bombarde is a name for powder guns in the late Middle Ages . They replaced the mechanical throwing weapons, such as the Blide , which had been used in sieges until then .


Except that it is a stone rifle (gun for firing projectiles made of stone ), there is no clear technical description. Often short guns with relatively large calibers, i.e. mortars , are written. The mouth is sometimes described as funnel-shaped.

Other sources describe the Bombarde as a gun with a longer barrel, i.e. a cannon , in the form of a chamber gun (i.e. as an early breech loader ). The design is sometimes described as a bar ring gun .

Examples of guns called "Bombarde":

See also


  • Volker Schmidtchen : Bombards, fortifications, gunsmiths: From the first wall breakers of the late Middle Ages to the siege artillery of the Renaissance . Droste, Düsseldorf 1977, ISBN 3-7700-0471-X .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon , Volume 3. Leipzig 1905, p. 187. [1]
  2. ^ Johann Christoph Adelung , Grammatical-Critical Dictionary of High German Dialect, Volume 1. Leipzig 1793, pp. 1123–1124. [2]
  3. ^ A b Brockhaus' Kleines Konversations-Lexikon, fifth edition, Volume 1. Leipzig 1911., p. 237. [3]
  4. Herders Conversations-Lexikon , Freiburg im Breisgau 1854, Volume 1, p. 602. [4]
  5. Pierer's Universal Lexikon , Volume 3. Altenburg 1857, p. 57. [5]
  6. a b c Karl von Elgger: The war firearms of the present, Brockhaus Verlag, 1868, pages 46–47 [6]
  7. August Friedrich Demmin : The historical development of the weapons from the Stone Age to the invention of the needle gun, Verlag Seemann, 1869, pages 73, 517, 519, 520 [7]

Web links

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