Botanical State Collection

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Botanical State Collection Munich
Botanical State Collection Munich
Main entrance of the Botanical State Collection Munich
Carrier: Free State of Bavaria
Facility location: Munich
Type of research: Basic research
Subjects: Botany and mycology
Management: Susanne S. Renner

The Botanical State Collection Munich with the official abbreviation M is a center for biodiversity research in the field of plants and fungi. It is a research facility of the Bavarian State Natural Science Collections . Her tasks include taxonomic, floristic and phylogenetic research and the conservation, expansion and processing of her extensive plant and mushroom collection. The Botanical State Collection is also an international center for the collection and provision of biodiversity data, be it in the context of providing information, issuing scientific publications, lending material for research purposes or through the development of online information systems. With around 3.2 million specimens, it is in 20th place among the approx. 3400 herbaria worldwide. The IT Center of the Bavarian State Natural Science Collections is attached to it as a department.

The Botanical State Collection is housed together with the herbarium of the Ludwig Maximilians University (LMU) in a building built according to plans by Ludwig von Stempel and Ludwig Ullmann and now a listed building at Menzinger Straße 67, 80638 Munich, which opened on May 10, 1914 and is located on the grounds of the Nymphenburg Botanical Garden .

The history of the two Munich herbaria goes back to the years 1807 and 1813. In 1807, King Maximilian I gave Joseph his natural history cabinet with botanical, zoological, anthropological and mineralogical collections of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences , and in 1813 Franz von Paula von Knieper (1747– 1835) - member of the academy and first director of the botanical garden in Elisenstrasse , which opened in Munich in 1812 - the director of the academy herbarium. When the University of Landshut was relocated to Munich in 1826/27, its herbarium was combined with that of the Academy (for a long time without loss of property rights) and housed in the rooms of the Academy building. With the relocation to Munich, the botanical collections were primarily intended to serve the needs of teaching at the new university, today's Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (LMU). This combination of herbarium, garden and university research has been preserved and proven to this day.

Web link

Coordinates: 48 ° 9 '50.9 "  N , 11 ° 30' 2.7"  E